The debate between pro-life and pro-choice citizens regarding abortion in America is more of an ethical issue than anything else. It is "of the most emotionally potent present political controversies." Furthermore, it is a matter of safety, finance, and (with some individuals) religion. The main points the article titled "The Pro-Choice Argument" address include the following: the circumstances of rape, the role of contraception, and determining the difference between a fetus and a child.
There are countless social situations surrounding abortion, one of which is rape. This argument mentions an estimated 9000 victims of rape become pregnant each year. Those who argue for the legalization of abortion are offering a choice for those victims, regarding keeping the child or not. The pro-life arguers are not offering another option for those victims of rape in this case, leaving the victims' only choice to be childbirth or an unsafe abortion. This author compares unwanted pregnancy to an unwanted and unexpected house guest. She argues that one would have the right to kick the intruder out of his or her house. If this person were to stay in the person's home, the homeowner would be forced to give up certain aspects of his or her life. An unwanted pregnancy will force the woman to change her life completely, thus acting as a parasite.
Many argue that not all unwanted pregnancies are the result of rape. This is true. "Two-thirds of teenage pregnancies are not planned," due to an inadequate access to protection and contraceptives. An easy fix to this would be to provide schools with easier access to protection and teaching students about safe sex. However, this strongly disagrees with many person's values, thus potentially making school an uncomfortable environment. A fix to that dilemma would be to create a more open-minded and safe environment in schools in order to successfully cover a controversial topic. Furthermore, making contraception and birth control more available would decrease the need for abortion. It would also lower the number of children in orphanages and foster care (but it sounds like that is another debate all together).
This article argues that one is only a member of society if there is some form of interaction between him or her and the world around him or her. The author argues that "the fetus reacts to society of the outside world solely through the medium of the mother," meaning that it is not a member of society by itself, but only with the life support of another. Therefore, the author argues that a fetus is not yet a member of society. There is then no legal responsibility for the fetus in the world in which we live.
The article by Tanya Luhrmann touches on some very dicey topics that are uncomfortable in many social situations. Overall, I agree with the arguments she makes. She makes persuasive comparisons to look at the situation form a different point of view, and explains how the situation is involved in the political side of the country.
Questions to discuss:
1) What are your opinions on her arguments? Does she make solid points or are they too far-fetched?
2) What are your views on abortion? Should it be legalized? If so, why? If not, why not?