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Zambian Miners Kill Chinese Manager over Wages

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Zambian miners killed one of their Chinese managers and severely injured another by pushing a mine trolley at them during a pay riot at a mine on Sunday.

The miners were on strike against management delaying to begin a new minimum wage and keeping the workers' pay lower than other chinese managed mines, BBC said.

Zambia increased minimum wage in July to $350 a month for shop workers, but the mine's chinese owners have not yet implemented the increase, BBC said.

China has increased investment within Africa for its abundance of raw material like copper, which Zambia is rich in supply, but Chinese companies have been criticized for migrating their poor worker's rights to Africa, Reuters said.

A water waste pipe line proposal in an Eastern Chinese city was halted after amounting pressure from local residents who began protesting against the pipeline and the pollution that would follow.

Thousands of residents gathered in a downtown square of Qidong city north of Shanghai where police awaited the demonstrators, CNN said.

Protestors overturned cars, entered and ransacked local government buildings, and even stripped one local official of his shirt, replacing it with a t-shirt marked with an anti-pollution slogan, BBC News said.

The 110-kilometer (70-mile) pipeline was to be for a local paper-making company, and according to demonstrators would eventually release 150,000 tons of sewage into the ocean every dear, CNN said.

In the last few months more protests against pollution have occurred through out China, and according to BBC News the demonstrations are becoming more outspoken, better organized, and more effective.

Bomb Kills Seven in Bus Outside of Bulgarian Airport

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A bomb detonated in a bus leaving the Bulgarian airport on Wednesday killed seven people, which included five Israelis and left at least 30 people seriously wounded.

The bombing was "clearly a terrorist attack," according to Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak, and he, along with other Israeli politicians, has cited Iran as the most probable suspect, CNN said.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu directly accused Iran of the attack and said that "Israel will respond forcefully to Iranian terror," BBC News reported.

U.S. President Barack Obama and U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton both released statements expressing the United States' remorse and support for Israel, but neither made any mention of Iran, CNN said.

The Iranian Government has not released any immediate comment on the bombing, CNN said.

Witnesses described the bus exploding shortly after it was boarded by passengers. One woman said the explosion had taken place in the front of the bus, BBC News said.

Bulgarian journalist Dobromir Dovkacharov arrived to the scene 30 minutes after the attack and described three buses as "completely burnt-out."

Dovkacharov relayed what some eyewitnesses had seen, which included flames, decapitated heads and human limbs, BBC News said.

Red Cross Declares Syria in State of Civil War

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The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) announced Sunday from Geneva that Syria is now classified to be in a civil war.

The Thursday attack on the town of Tremesh and the Sunday attack near the Syrian capital, Damascus, placed the fighting outside of the known war zones, which initiated the ICRC's decision, the New York Times said.

The only specific war zones, prior to the ICRC's decision, were the areas around Idlib, Homs and Hama, but now all of Syria will be held accountable under the laws of the Geneva Conventions, BBC News reported.

The Geneva Conventions forbid indiscriminate attacks on civilians, attacks on medical personnel, and the destruction of basic services like water or electricity, BBC News said.

If either the Syrian government or rebels do not abide by the Geneva Conventions, they will now be subject to prosecution of war crimes, BBC said.

The U.N. investigation of the government attack on the town of Tremesh in Syria determined that the homes of rebels and activists were the main targets of the attack.

The attack was initially reported as a "massacre of civilians," the BBC News said, but the U.N. investigation revealed that the truth coincides more with the Syrian government's account than the rebels'.

Syria's government said the attack was a military operation, and the U.N. investigation determined that the attacks focus was on the rebels, not the civilians, BBC News said.

However, the number of deaths counted by the UN was reported at 220 and the government only reported 50 deaths, NPR News said.


Following the apology given by Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton on Tuesday for the November airstrike that left 24 Pakistani soldiers dead, Pakistan informed the United States that they will reopen crucial supply routes to NATO forces in Afghanistan

"We are sorry for the losses suffered by the Pakistani military," Clinton said in the statement. "We are committed to working closely with Pakistan and Afghanistan to prevent this from ever happening again."

After the November 26 incident, Pakistan and United States relations became incredibly strained partly because the U.S. never gave a formal apology, which sent the two countries into a seven-month standoff, BBC News said.

According to the New York Times the decision by Pakistan and the apology from the U.S. came about after many weeks of e-mails, visits, and phone calls between the two countries. "This was jointly done," a person with knowledge about the process said.

Pakistan's statement also announced that their previous demand to increase transit fees from $250 to $5,000 per container will not be applied when the routes open, BBC News said.

In a public demonstration in the central African country Gabon, President Ali Bongo ignited a government-owned stockpile of elephant ivory on Thursday to fight against the elephant poaching and black market trade of ivory through out central Africa, the National Geographic said.

Two elephant massacres occurred this past year in Gabon, where over half of Africa's forest elephants reside, the Environment News Service said.

According to a June report released by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) elephant poaching has risen to a "crisis level" in the central African region, the National Geographic said.

The June report also stated that ivory seizures have not been this extreme since 1989.

Ivory is primarily used in Asia for artistic purposes, and the demand continues to increase, the National Geographic said.

"Gabon has a policy of zero tolerance for wildlife crime and we are putting in place the institutions and laws to to ensure this policy is enforced," President Bongo said at the ivory burning demonstration.

The recently elected President of Egypt, Mohamed Morsi, took an oath of office in front of the Constitutional Court on Saturday, but not before he spoke his own oath to thousands of Egyptian citizens gathered in Tahrir Square, NPR News reported.

Morsi is the first civilian president to be elected into power following the removal of the former president Hosni Mubarak, NPR News said.

While the victory is significant, Morsi faces extreme challenges in gaining full leadership of the Egyptian government. The Constitutional Court that President Morsi took the oath in front if is the same government body that disbanded the parliament preceding Morsi's election, The New York Times said.

The Court also had transferred much of the president's control to military generals, which Morsi and many civilians have claimed as an illegitimate decree, the New York Times said.

In the coming months the revolution of Egypt will continue as President Mohamed Morsi tries to achieve a democracy for his country and his people.

The violent attack on a resort hotel near Kabul which left more than 20 people dead on Thursday was apparently targeted for its participation in prostitution and parties, the Taliban said in a statement on their web page.

The New York Times reported that seven, male, insurgents stormed the Spozhmai Hotel late Thursday night, killing mostly young men, which included three unarmed hotel security guards and six military policemen. The attackers also took 45 people hostage.

Early Friday morning, combined forces of Afghan National Police, Norwegian special forces, and American helicopters, were able to secure the resort after each attacker was killed by the detonation of their own explosive vests, journalist at the scene said.

All hostages were rescued and only 10 people were wounded, police said.

A BBC News reporter, Quentin Sommerville, confirmed the specific hotel was attacked because the Taliban regarded it as an "immoral" place.

Sommerville acknowledged the loss of life, but contended that the incident "falls far short of the large-scale attacks that have taken place in the Afghan capital."

"It appears designed to inflict as many casualties as possible, and grab headlines," Sommerville said.

In the last few days military leaders in Egypt have made two decrees that drastically reduce the power of the future president while increasing theirs. The military's actions instigated The Muslim Brotherhood to rally protests on Tuesday.

BBC News reported on the two decrees made by The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF). One eliminated parliament for reasons that dub the lower house "unconstitutional". The second gives military generals entire control over legislative and military actions.

Protests have taken place on Tuesday in Tahir Square as the Brotherhood attempts to oppose the decrees and to "rekindle a revolution" The Los Angeles Times said.

There are rising concerns from egyptian citizens and activist groups alike who doubt the sincerity of the Brotherhood, saying that their religious agenda prohibits the group from fighting for the original desires of the Egyptian people, like democracy, civil rights, and freedom of speech.

A BBC correspondent lends some meager hope with his belief that there may "end up being a messy compromise that everyone can live with."

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