Recently in x. Biodiversity Category

A Wealth of Wild Species: Storehouse for Human Welfare. Boulder, CO

Myers, N., 1983. A Wealth of Wild Species: Storehouse for Human Welfare. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Keywords: 4x

A call to ecologists: measuring, analyzing, and managing ecosystem services

Kremen, C. and R. S. Ostfeld. 2005. A call to ecologists: measuring, analyzing, and managing ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3: 540-548.
Keywords: 4j, 4x

A case study of pharmaceutical prospecting. In The Economic Value of Species Information and Its Role in Biodiversity Conservation: Case Studeis of Costa Rica's National Biodivdersity Institute and Pharmaceutical Prospecting

Aylward, B.A. 1993. A case study of pharmaceutical prospecting. In The Economic Value of Species Information and Its Role in Biodiversity Conservation: Case Studeis of Costa Rica's National Biodivdersity Institute and Pharmaceutical Prospecting, B.A. Alyward, J. Echeverria, L. Fendt, and E.B. Barbier (eds.). London: Environmental Economics Centre. Keywords: 4k, 4x, 7a, 10

A framework for assessing the relative vulnerability of species to land-use change

Pereira, H.M., G.C. Daily and J. Roughgarden. 2004. A framework for assessing the relative vulnerability of species to land-use change. Ecological Applications 14(3): 730-742. Keywords: 2a, 4x

A market approach to conserving biodiversity


Merrifield, J. 1996. A market approach to conserving biodiversity. Ecological Economics 16: 217-226. Keywords: 4x, 8c

A model for valuing endangered species

Brown, G.M., Jr. and J.H. Goldstein. 1984. A model for valuing endangered species. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 11(4): 303-309. Keywords: 4x

Agglomeration bonus: an incentive mechanism to reunite fragmented habitat for biodiversity conservation

Parkhurst, G.M., J.F. Shogren, C. Bastian, P. Kivi, J. Donner and R.B.W. Smith. 2002. Agglomeration bonus: an incentive mechanism to reunite fragmented habitat for biodiversity conservation. Ecological Economics 41: 305-328. Keywords: 4x, 8a

Agricultural policy can help preserve tropical forest birds in countryside habitats.

Hughes, J.B., G.C. Daily and P.R. Ehrlich. 2002. Agricultural policy can help preserve tropical forest birds in countryside habitats. Ecology Letters 5: 121-129.
Keywords: 4x, 10

Alleviating spatial conflict between people and biodiversity.

Luck, G.W., T.H. Ricketts, G.C. Daily and M. Imhoff. 2004. Alleviating spatial conflict between people and biodiversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(1): 182-186. Keywords: 3a, 4x

An approach for managing vertebrate diversity across multiple-use landscapes

Hansen, A.J., S.L. Garman, B. Marks and D.L.Urban. 1993. An approach for managing vertebrate diversity across multiple-use landscapes. Ecological Applications 3: 481-496.
Keywords: 2d, 4x, 6b

An ecological economic simulation model of mountain fynbos ecosystems: dynamics, valuation, and management.

Higgins, S.I., J.K. Turpie, R. Costanza, R.M. Cowling, D.C. le Maitre, C. Marais, and G. Midgley. 1997. An ecological economic simulation model of mountain fynbos ecosystems: dynamics, valuation, and management. Ecological Economics 22: 155-169.
Keywords: 2d, 4x, 6a, 10

Assessing biodiversity: a human ecological approach

Nelson, J.G. and R. Serafin. 1992. Assessing biodiversity: a human ecological approach. Ambio 21(3): 212-28. Keywords: 4x

Assigning priority to environmental policy interventions in a heterogeneous world

Ferraro, P.J. 2003. Assigning priority to environmental policy interventions in a heterogeneous world. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 22(1): 27-43.
Keywords: 3f, 4x, 8a

Benefits of preserving old-growth forests and the spotted owl.

Hagen, D.A., J.W. Vincent and P.G. Welle. 1992. Benefits of preserving old-growth forests and the spotted owl. Contemporary Policy Issues 10: 13-26.
Keywords: 4x

Beyond reserves: a research agenda for conserving biodiversity in human-modified tropical landscapes

Chazdon, R.L., C.A. Harvey. O.Komar, D.M. Griffith and B.C. Ferguson. 2009. Beyond reserves: a research agenda for conserving biodiversity in human-modified tropical landscapes. Biotropica 41(2): 142-53. Keywords: 1d, 4x

Biodiversity Loss: Economic and Ecological Issues

Perrings, C., K.-G. Mäler, C. Folke, C.S. Hollings and B.-O. Jansson (eds.). 1995. Biodiversity Loss: Economic and Ecological Issues. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Keywords: 1k, 4x

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives

Inchausti, P., M. Loreau and S. Naeem (eds.). 2002. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Keywords: 3b, 4x

Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: current knowledge and future challenges

Loreau, M., S. Naeem, P. Inchausti, J. Bengtsson, J. P. Grime, A. Hector, D. U. Hooper,
M. A. Huston, D. Raffaelli, B. Schmid, D. Tilman and D. A. Wardle. 2001.
Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: current knowledge and future challenges.
Science 294: 804-808. Keywords: 3a, 4x,

Biodiversity and ecosystem productivity in a fluctuating

Yachi, S. and M. Loreau 1999. Biodiversity and ecosystem productivity in a fluctuating
environment: The insurance hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences of the United States of America 96: 1463-1468. Keywords: 1i, 1k, 4x

Biodiversity and ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes - are we asking the right questions?


Swift, M.J., A.-M. N. Izac and M. van Noordwijk. 2004. Biodiversity and ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes - are we asking the right questions? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 104(1): 113-134. Keywords: 3a, 4x

Biodiversity and ecosystem services: a multi-scale empirical study of the relationship between species richness and net primary production.

Costanza, R., B. Fisher, K. Mulder, S. Liu and T. Christopher. 2007. Biodiversity and ecosystem services: a multi-scale empirical study of the relationship between species richness and net primary production. Ecological Economics 61: 478-491.
Keywords: 4x, 6d

Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment


Tilman, D., P.B. Reich and J.M.H. Knops. 2006. Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment. Nature 441: 629-632. Keywords: 4x, 5b

Biodiversity and stability in grasslands

Tilman, D. and J.A. Downing. 1994. Biodiversity and stability in grasslands. Nature 367: 363-365. Keywords: 4x

Biodiversity and timber in the Coast Range of Oregon: inside the production possibility frontier

Lichtenstein, M.E., and C.A. Montgomery. 2002. Biodiversity and timber in the Coast Range of Oregon: inside the production possibility frontier. Land Economics 79(1): 56-73. Keywords: 4l, 4x, 5g

Biodiversity as an environmental service in Brazil's Amazonian forests: value and conservation

Fearnside, P. M. 2000. Biodiversity as an environmental service in Brazil's Amazonian forests: value and conservation. Environmental Conservation 26: 305-321. Keywords: 4x, 6b, 10

Biodiversity as the source of biological resources: a new look at biodiversity values

Wood, P.M. 1997. Biodiversity as the source of biological resources: a new look at biodiversity values. Environmental Values 6(3): 251-68. Keywords: 4x

Biodiversity conservation - at what cost? A study of households in the vicinity of Madagascar's Mantadia National Park

Shyamsundar, P. and R. Kramer. 1997. Biodiversity conservation - at what cost? A study of households in the vicinity of Madagascar's Mantadia National Park. Ambio 26(3): 180-184. Keywords: 4x, 6a, 10

Biodiversity conservation and agricultural

Scherr, S.J. and J.A. McNeely 2006. Biodiversity conservation and agricultural
sustainability: towards a new paradigm of 'ecoagriculture' landscapes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Series B Biological Science 363: 477-494.
Keywords: 4o, 4x, 1l

Biodiversity conservation, affluence and poverty: mismatched costs and benefits and efforts to remedy them

Wells, M. 1992. Biodiversity conservation, affluence and poverty: mismatched costs and benefits and efforts to remedy them. Ambio 21(3): 237-243. Keywords: 3f, 4x

Biodiversity loss threatens

Díaz , S., J. Fargione, F. S. Chapin and D. Tilman. 2006. Biodiversity loss threatens
human well-being. PLoS Biology 4(8): e277. Keywords: 4x

Biodiversity protection policy: environmental valuation and distribution issues

Munasinghe, M. 1992. Biodiversity protection policy: environmental valuation and distribution issues. Ambio 21(3): 227-236. Keywords: 3f, 4x

Biodiversity values and measures applied to forest management.

Silbaugh, J.M. and D.R. Betters. 1997. Biodiversity values and measures applied to forest management. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 5(1-2): 235-248. Keywords: 1i, 4x, 5a

Biodiversity's genetic library. Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems

Myers, N. 1997. Biodiversity's genetic library. Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. G.C. Daily (ed.), pp. 255-273. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Keywords: 4x

Biological diversity, ecosystems and the human scale

Folke, C., C.S. Holling and C.A. Perrings. 1996. Biological diversity, ecosystems and the human scale. Ecological Applications 6: 1018-1024. Keywords: 4x

Bird assemblages in a tropical countryside: species richness, composition, and foraging behavior differ with landscape context

Luck, G.W. and G.C. Daily. 2003. Bird assemblages in a tropical countryside: species richness, composition, and foraging behavior differ with landscape context. Ecological Applications 13(1): 235-247. Keywords: 4x, 5i, 6a, 10

Business strategies for conservation on private lands: Koa forestry as a case study.

Goldstein J, G.C. Daily, J.B. Friday, P.A. Matson, R.L. Naylor and P. Vitousek. 2006. Business strategies for conservation on private lands: Koa forestry as a case study. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103: 10140-10145. Keywords: 4x, 6b, 5a, 10

Can we afford to conserve biodiversity?

James, A., K. Gaston and A. Balmford. 2001. Can we afford to conserve biodiversity? Bioscience 51(1): 43-52. Keywords: 4x

Commodity, amenity and morality: the limits of quantification of the value of biodiversity.

Norton, B.G. 1988. Commodity, amenity and morality: the limits of quantification of the value of biodiversity. In BioDiversity, E.O. Wilson (ed.), pp.200-205. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Keywords: 4x

Comparing extinction risk and economic cost in wildlife conservation planning.

Haight, R.G. 1995. Comparing extinction risk and economic cost in wildlife conservation planning. Ecological Applications 5: 767-775. Keywords: 4x

Conflicts and choices in biodiversity preservation

Metrick, A. and M. Weitzman. 1998. Conflicts and choices in biodiversity preservation. Journal of Economic Perspectives 12(3): 21-34. Keywords: 4x, 8e

Conservation easements in context: a quantitative analysis of their use by The Nature Conservancy

Kiesecker, J. M., T. Comendant, T. Grandmason, E. Gray, C. Hall, R. Hilsenbeck, P. Kareiva, L. Lozier, P. Naehu, A. Rissman, M. R. Shaw and M. Zankel. 2007. Conservation easements in context: a quantitative analysis of their use by The Nature Conservancy. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5(3): 125-130.
Keywords: 4x, 6b

Conservation easements: biodiversity protection and private use.


Rissman, A., L. Lozier, T. Comendant, P. Kareiva, J.M. Kiesecker, M.R. Shaw and A.M. Merenlender. 2007. Conservation easements: biodiversity protection and private use.
Conservation Biology 21(3): 709-718. Keywords: 2b, 4x

Conservation of biodiversity and economic development: the concept of transferable development rights.

Panayotou, T. 1994. Conservation of biodiversity and economic development: the concept of transferable development rights. Environmental and Resource Economics 4: 91-110. Keywords: 4x, 8b

Conservation of insect diversity: A habitat approach

Hughes, J.B., G.C. Daily and P.R. Ehrlich. 2000. Conservation of insect diversity: A habitat approach. Conservation Biology 14: 1788-1797. Keywords: 3f, 4x, 6b, 10

Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity. London:

Ninan, K.N. (ed.). 2008. Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity. London: Earthscan. Keywords: 4x

Conserving biodiversity and ecosystem services

Balvanera, P., G.C. Daily, P.R. Ehrlich, T.H. Ricketts, S.Bailey, S. Kark, C. Kremen and H. Pereira. 2001. Conserving biodiversity and ecosystem services. Science 291: 2047.
Keywords: 1a, 4x

Conserving biodiversity as if people matter: a case study from India

Gadgil, M. 1992. Conserving biodiversity as if people matter: a case study from India. Ambio 21(3): 266-270. Keywords: 4x, 10

Conserving biodiversity in managed landscapes. In: Biodiversity in Managed Landscapes: Theory and Practice,

Miller, K.R. 1996. Conserving biodiversity in managed landscapes. In: Biodiversity in Managed Landscapes: Theory and Practice, R.C. Szaro and D.W. Johnston (Eds.), pp. 425-441. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Keywords: 1i, 4x

Conserving biological diversity with scarce resources

Polasky, S. and A. Solow. 1999. Conserving biological diversity with scarce resources. Pages 154-174 in Landscape Ecological Analysis: Issues and Applications, J. Klopatek and R. Gardner (eds.). New York: Springer-Verlag. Keywords: 4x, 6b

Contingent valuation and biodiversity: measuring the user surplus of Kenyan protected areas


Moran, D. 1994. Contingent valuation and biodiversity: measuring the user surplus of Kenyan protected areas. Biodiversity and Conservation 3: 663-684. Keywords: 4x, 7g

Cost-effective conservation: a review of what works to preserve biodiversity.

Ferraro, P.J. and R.D. Simpson. 2006. Cost-effective conservation: a review of what works to preserve biodiversity. In Resources for the Future Reader in Environmental Policy and Resource Management, 2nd edition, W.E. Oates (ed.). Washington, DC: Resources for the Future Press. Keywords: 4x

Counting Canada's Natural Capital: Assessing the Real Value of Canada's Boreal Ecosystems

Anielski, M., and S. Wilson. 2005. Counting Canada's Natural Capital: Assessing the Real Value of Canada's Boreal Ecosystems. Canadian Boreal Initiative and Pembina Institute, Ottawa, Canada. Keywords: 4i, 4x 5e

Countryside biogeography of Neotropical herbaceous and shrubby plants.

Mayfield, M. and G.C. Daily. 2005. Countryside biogeography of Neotropical herbaceous and shrubby plants. Ecological Applications 15: 423-439.
Keywords: 4x, 5a, 6c, 10

Countryside biogeography of Neotropical mammals: conservation opportunities in agricultural landscapes of Costa Rica

Daily, G.C., G. Ceballos, J. Pacheco, G. Suzán and A. Sánchez-Azofeifa. 2003. Countryside biogeography of Neotropical mammals: conservation opportunities in agricultural landscapes of Costa Rica. Conservation Biology 17: 1814-1826.
Keywords: 4x, 6b, 10

Countryside biogeography of tropical butterflies

Horner-Devine, M.C., G.C. Daily, P.R. Ehrlich and C.L. Boggs. 2003. Countryside biogeography of tropical butterflies. Conservation Biology 17: 168-177.
Keywords: 4x. 6a, 10

Countryside biogeography: use of human dominated habitats by the avifauna of southern Costa Rica

Daily, G.C., P.R. Ehrlich and G.A. Sanchez-Azofeifa. 2001. Countryside biogeography: use of human dominated habitats by the avifauna of southern Costa Rica. Ecological Applications 11: 1-13. Keywords: 2a, 4x, 6a, 10

Crop pollination from native bees at risk from agricultural intensification.

Kremen, C., N.M. Williams and R.W. Thorp. 2002. Crop pollination from native bees at risk from agricultural intensification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99: 16812-16816. Keywords: 4j, 4x, 6a, 10

Developing incentives and economic mechanisms for in situ biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes

Pascual U. and C. Perrings. 2007. Developing incentives and economic mechanisms for in situ biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and the Environment 121: 256-268. Keywords: 4x. 5i

Direct payments to conserve biodiversity.

Ferraro, P.J. and A. Kiss. 2002. Direct payments to conserve biodiversity. Science 298: 1718-1719. Keywords: 4x

Do we really care about biodiversity?


Pearce, D. 2007. Do we really care about biodiversity? Environmental and Resource Economics 37: 313-333. Keywords: 4x

Does conservation planning matter in a dynamic and uncertain world?

Meir, E., S. Andelman and H.P. Possingham. 2004. Does conservation planning matter in a dynamic and uncertain world? Ecology Letters 7: 615-622. Keywords: 1f, 4x

Dynamic reserve site selection. Resource and Energy

Costello, C. and S. Polasky. 2004. Dynamic reserve site selection. Resource and Energy Economics 26(2): 157-174. Keywords: 1k, 3f, 4x

Ecological goods and services of coral reef ecosystems

Moberg, F. and C. Folke. 1999. Ecological goods and services of coral reef ecosystems. Ecological Economics 29(2): 215-233. Keywords: 3c, 4x

Ecological services to and from rangelands of the United States.

Havstad, K.M., D.P.C. Peters, R. Skaggs, J. Brown, B. Bestelmeyer, E. Fredrickson, J. Herrick and J. Wright. 2007. Ecological services to and from rangelands of the United States. Ecological Economics 64(2): 261-268. Keywords: 4i, 4x, 10

Economic and environmental benefits of biodiversity

Pimentel, D., C. Wilson, C. McCullum, R. Huang, P. Dwen, J. Flack, Q. Tran, T. Saltman and B; Cliff. 1997. Economic and environmental benefits of biodiversity. BioScience 47(11): 747-757. Keywords: 4x

Economic benefits of biodiversity conservation exceed costs of conservation at an African rainforest reserve

Naidoo R. and W.L. Adamowicz. 2005. Economic benefits of biodiversity conservation exceed costs of conservation at an African rainforest reserve. Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences 102: 16712-16716. Keywords: 4x, 5a, 6b

Economic benefits of rare and endangered species: Summary and meta-analysis.

Loomis, J.B., and D.S. White. 1996. Economic benefits of rare and endangered species: Summary and meta-analysis. Ecological Economics 18: 197-206. Keywords: 1g, 4x, 7g

Economic land use, ecosystem services and microfounded species dynamics

Eichner, T. and R. Pethig. 2006. Economic land use, ecosystem services and microfounded species dynamics. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 52(3): 707-720. Keywords: 3f, 4x

Economic returns from the biosphere

Chichilnisky, G. and G.M. Heal. 1998. Economic returns from the biosphere. Nature 391:629-30. Keywords: 4x

Economic value of biological diversity in Norway

Navrud, S. 1993. Economic value of biological diversity in Norway. Scandinavian Forest Economics 34: 74-97. Keywords: 4x, 10

Economic value of plant diversity in arid environments

Belal, A.E. and I. Springuel. 1996. Economic value of plant diversity in arid environments. Nature and Resources 32(1):33-39. Keywords: 4x,

Economic value of terrestrial and marine biodiversity in the Cape Floristic Region: implications for defining effective and socially optimal conservation strategies

Turpie, J. K., B. J. Heydenrych, and S. J. Lamberth. 2003. Economic value of terrestrial and marine biodiversity in the Cape Floristic Region: implications for defining effective and socially optimal conservation strategies. Biological Conservation 112: 233-251.
Keywords: 1j, 4x, 6b, 10

Economics and biodiversity: weighing the benefits and costs of conservation.

Montgomery, C.A. and R.A. Pollack. 1996. Economics and biodiversity: weighing the benefits and costs of conservation. Journal of Forestry 94(2): 34-38.
Keywords 4x

Economics and the Conservation of Global Biological Diversity

Brown, K., D. Pearce, C. Perrings and T. Swanson. 1993. Economics and the Conservation of Global Biological Diversity. Washington, DC: Global Environmental Facility. Keywords: 4x, 6e

Economics and the preservation of biodiversity.

Hanemann, W.M. 1988. Economics and the preservation of biodiversity. In BioDiversity, E.O. Wilson (ed.), pp. 193-199. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Keywords: 4x

Economics of Terrestrial biodiversity conservation in developing nations. In Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability

Albers, H.J. and P.J. Ferraro. 2006. Economics of Terrestrial biodiversity conservation in developing nations. In Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options, M. Toman and R. Lopez (eds.). New York: Oxford University Press. Keywords: 4x, 9c

Economics of species preservation: the spotted owl case

Montgomery, C. and G. Brown, Jr. 1992. Economics of species preservation: the spotted owl case. Contemporary Policy Issues 10: 1-12. Keywords: 4x

Economy and ecology of emerging markets and credits for bio-sequestered carbon on private land in tropical Australia

Hunt, C. 2008. Economy and ecology of emerging markets and credits for bio-sequestered carbon on private land in tropical Australia. Ecological Economics 66: 309-318. Keywords: 4i, 4x, 6b, 10

Ecosystem consequences of changing biodiversity

Chapin, F.S. III, O.E. Sala, I.C. Burke, J.P. Grime, D.U. Hooper, W.K. Lauenroth, A. Lombard, H.A. Mooney, A.R. Mosier, S. Naeem, S.W. Pacala, J. Roy, W. Steffen and D. Tilman. 1998. Ecosystem consequences of changing biodiversity. BioScience 48: 45-52. Keywords: 3b, 4x

Ecosystem service, agriculture, and rural poverty in the Eastern Brazilian Amazon: Interrelationships and policy prescriptions

Börner, J., A. Mendoza and S.A. Vosti. 2007. Ecosystem service, agriculture, and rural poverty in the Eastern Brazilian Amazon: Interrelationships and policy prescriptions. Ecological Economics 356-373. Keywords: 4i, 4x, 5a, 6b, 8a, 9c, 10

Ecosystem services and water funds: Conservation approaches that benefit people and biodiversity

Goldman, R.L. 2009. Ecosystem services and water funds: Conservation approaches that benefit people and biodiversity. Journal of the American Water Works Association 101(12): 20-22. Keywords: 4x

Ecosystem services generated by fish populations

Holmlund, C.M. and M. Hammer. 1999. Ecosystem services generated by fish populations. Ecological Economics 29(2): 253-268. Keywords: 4x

Ecosystem services in subsistence economies and conservation of biological diversity

Bawa, K.S. and M. Gadgil. 1997. Ecosystem services in subsistence economies and conservation of biological diversity. In: Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems, G.C. Daily (ed.), pp. 295-310. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Keywords: 4w, 4x

Ecosystems and Human Well-Being. Biodiversity Synthesis.


Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being. Biodiversity Synthesis. http://www.millenniumassessment.org/en/Reports.aspx.
Keywords: 1a, 4x

Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: a consensus of current knowledge.

Hooper, D.U., F.S. Chapin III, J.J. Ewel, A. Hector, P. Inchausti, S. Lavorel, J.H. Lawton, D. Lodge, M. Loreau, S. Naeem, B. Schmid, H. Setälä, A.J. Symstad, J. Vandermeer and D.A. Wardle 2005. Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: a consensus of current knowledge. Ecological Monographs 75: 3-35. Keywords: 3b, 4x

Effects of cultivation and proximity to natural habitat on ground-nesting native bees in California sunflower fields

Kim, J., N. M. Williams and C. Kremen. 2006. Effects of cultivation and proximity to natural habitat on ground-nesting native bees in California sunflower fields. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 79(4): 309-320. Keywords: 4j, 4x, 6b

Effects of land ownership and landscape-level factors on rare-species richness in natural areas of southern Ontario, Canada

Lovett-Doust, J., Biernacki M, Page R, Chan M, Natgunarajah R, Timis G. 2003. Effects of land ownership and landscape-level factors on rare-species richness in natural areas of southern Ontario, Canada. Landscape Ecology 18(6): 621-33.
Keywords:4x, 6b, 10

Efficiency of incentives to jointly increase carbon sequestration and species conservation on a landscape.

Nelson, E., S. Polasky, D.J. Lewis, A.J. Plantinga, E. Lonsdorf, D White, D. Bael and J.J. Lawler. 2008. Efficiency of incentives to jointly increase carbon sequestration and species conservation on a landscape. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105(28): 9471-9476. Keywords:4i, 4x

Efficient ecosystem services and naturalness in an ecological/economic model.

Eichner, T. and J. Tschirhart. 2007. Efficient ecosystem services and naturalness in an ecological/economic model. Environmental and Resource Economics 37: 733-755.
Keywords:3d, 4x

Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife: threats to biodiversity and human health

Dazak, P., A.A. Cunningham and A.D. Hyatt. 2000. Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife: threats to biodiversity and human health. Science 287: 443-449.
Keywords: 4x

Environmental attitudes, motivations, and contingent valuation of nonuse values: a case study involving endangered species

Kotchen, M.J. 2000. Environmental attitudes, motivations, and contingent valuation of nonuse values: a case study involving endangered species. Ecological Economics 32: 93-107. Keywords: 4x, 7g

Estimating costs and genetic benefits of various sizes of predator populations: The case of bear, wolf, wolverine and lynx in Sweden

Boman, M. 1995. Estimating costs and genetic benefits of various sizes of predator populations: The case of bear, wolf, wolverine and lynx in Sweden. Journal of Environmental Management 43: 349-357. Keywords: 4x,10

Estimating the costs of conserving a biodiversity hotspot: a case-study of the Cape Floristic Region

Frazee S.R., R.M. Cowling, R.L. Pressey, J.K. Turpie and N. Lindenberg. 2003. Estimating the costs of conserving a biodiversity hotspot: a case-study of the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. Biological Conservation 112: 275-290. Keywords: 4x, 6b, 10

Evaluating the potential for conservation development: Biophysical, economic, and institutional perspectives.

Pejchar, L., P. Morgan, M. Caldwell, C. Palmer and G.C. Daily. 2007. Evaluating the potential for conservation development: Biophysical, economic, and institutional perspectives. Conservation Biology 21(1): 69-78. Keywords:2a, 4x

Exploring local values for forest biodiversity on Mount Cameroon

Lawrence, A., B. Ambrose-Oji, R. Lysinge and C. Tako. 2000. Exploring local values for forest biodiversity on Mount Cameroon. Mountain Research and Development 20(2): 112-115. Keywords: 4x, 5a, 6a, 10

Exploring strategies for improving the cost effectiveness of endangered species management

Marshall, E., F. Homans and R. Haight. 2000. Exploring strategies for improving the cost effectiveness of endangered species management. Land Economics 76(3): 462-73.
Keywords: 4x

Extinction: The Causes and Consequences of the Disappearance of Species

Ehrlich, P.R. and A.H. Ehrlich. 1981. Extinction: The Causes and Consequences of the Disappearance of Species. New York: Random House. Keywords: 4x

Field evidence that ecosystem service projects support biodiversity and diversify options

Goldman R.L., H. Tallis P. Kareiva and G.C. Daily. 2008. Field evidence that ecosystem service projects support biodiversity and diversify options. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105: 9445-9448. Keywords: 4x

Functional and societal consequences of changing biotic diversity

Chapin, F.S. III, E.S. Zavaleta, V.T. Eviner, R.L. Naylor, P.M. Vitousek, H.L. Reynolds, D.U. Hooper, S. Lavorel, O.E. Sala, S.E. Hobbie, M.C. Mack and S. Díaz. 2000. Functional and societal consequences of changing biotic diversity. Nature 405: 234-242.
Keywords: 3b, 4x

Generating carbon finance through avoided deforestation and its potential to create climatic, conservation and human development benefits.

Ebeling, J. and M. Yasue. 2008. Generating carbon finance through avoided deforestation and its potential to create climatic, conservation and human development benefits. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London, Series B 363: 1917-1924.
Keywords: 4i, 4x

Genetic diversity and disease

Zhu, Y., H. Chen, J. Fan, Y. Wang, Yan Li, J. Chen, J. Fan, S. Yang, L. Hu, H. Leung, T.
W. Mew, P.S. Teng, Z. Wang and C.C. Mundt. 2000. Genetic diversity and disease
control in rice. Nature 406: 718-722. Keywords: 4x

Genetic diversity and interdependent crop choices in agriculture

Heal, G.M., B. Walker, S. Levin, K. Arrow, P. Dasgupta, G.C. Daily, P.R. Ehrlich, K-G. Mäler, N. Kautsky , J. Lubchenco, S. Schneider and D. Starrett. 2004. Genetic diversity and interdependent crop choices in agriculture. Resource and Energy Economics 26: 175-184. Keywords: 4o, 4x

Global conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services

Turner, W.R., K. Brandon, T.M. Brooks, R. Costanza, G.A.B. Fonseca and R. Portela. 2007. Global conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Bioscience 57: 868-873. Keywords: 4x

Global habitat protection: limitations of development interventions and a role for conservation performance payments.

Ferraro, P.J. 2001. Global habitat protection: limitations of development interventions and a role for conservation performance payments. Conservation Biology 15(4): 990-1000. Keywords: 3f, 4x, 8a

Global mapping of ecosystem services and conservation priorities

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