Readings 16 - 18
Biomimicry by Janine Benyus
1. Nature: the qualities of an organism; the external world in its entirety
2. Imitation: follow a pattern, model, or example
Nature and imitation are key words because the chapter talks about how organisms in nature are being studies in order to imitate their properties in a man made object. An example used in the chapter was a case study of an oyster. They have the ability to glue themselves to the floor of the ocean and it is almost impossible to remove them from their bond. They also have an incredibly durable and strong shell. Science wants to copy these properties so that they can be used to benefit people.
1. What properties of other organisms would benefit people if they could be imitated through science?
2. What is currently used by people that was inspired by something from the natural world?
Nature's Numbers by Ian Stewart
1. Pattern: a reliable sample of traits, acts, tendencies, or other observable characteristics
2. Mathematics: the science of numbers and their operations, interrelations, combinations, generalizations, and abstractions and of space configurations and their structure, measurement, transformations, and generalizations
Pattern and mathematics are key words because the article talks about how nature is full of patterns of numbers and shapes-patterns of mathematics. Examples used are the number of petals on a flower, the shape of sand dunes, ripples on the waters surface, and the shape of a snow flake.
1. What are some patterns of nature you know of?
2. What other sequences of numbers do you know of that are found in nature?
'Mathematics and Creativity', in The World Treasure of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics by Alfred Alder
1. Intellect: the capacity for rational thought especially when highly developed
2. Creativity: the ability or power to create