November 14, 2004

Philosophy and background

II Philosophy Underlying Bilingual and Immersion Education
p.21 Research and Practice in Immersion Education: Looking Back and Looking Ahead: Selected Conference Proceedings. CARLA Working Paper Series #10. 1998.
Dual language provides instruction in primary language for lang. Minority students, allows them to begin academics in a lang they understand, access core curriculum and achieve CALP in L1. Brings together mainstream and minority language children.
p.23 “Trying to solve two problems simultaneously. The first problem involves the limited acquisition of non-English languages by monolingual Anglophone students…. The second problem involves the choice of instructional language for teaching hispanophone minority students who, for the most part, are sociaoeconomically marginalized and often the targets of racial or ethnic discrimination.


Maintenance or Transitional Bilingual Programs: Goal is academic achievement in English. Students are taught to read in their first language while aquiring oral Enlish. They add English reading early on in 2-3 grade. Native language is phased out through 6th grade.

Donna Christian: Quotes Lindholm, K. (1990) Bilingual Immersion Education: Criteria for Program Development. In A. Padilla, H. Fairchild, & C. Valdez (Eds.), Bilingual Education: Issues and Strategies. Newberry Park, CA: Sage.
· A minimum of four to six years of participation for students;
· An additive bilingual environment;
· A minimum of 50% level of target-language use;
· Instruction in the same core academic curriculum as other programs
· Roughly equal numbers of students from the two language backgrounds;
· Incorporation of features of effective schools and instruction in general.

Posted by rodri104 at 11:17 AM

November 10, 2004

Lindholm-Leary book

Author Lindholm-Leary, Kathryn J., 1954-
Title Biliteracy for a global society [microform] : an idea book on dual language education / Kathryn Lindholm Leary.
Published [Washington, DC : National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education] : U.S. Dept. of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Educational Resources Information Center, [2000]
Description 1 v.

Other Title Idea book on dual language education



Availability TC Wilson Library Gov Pub (US Docs) Mfiche ED 1.310/2:447714

Posted by roge0229 at 12:49 PM

Lindholm on program criteria

Lindholm, K. (1990). Bilingual immersion education: Criteria for program development. In A.M. Padilla, H.H. Fairchild & C.M. Valdez (eds.), Bilingual Education: Issues and Strategies. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Posted by roge0229 at 12:05 AM

November 9, 2004

Cloud, Genesee, & Hamayan

Cloud, Genesee, & Hamayan (2000). Dual language instruction: A handbook for enriched education. Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle Publishers.
Table 3.8 (pp. 46-48): A Checklist of Criteria for Effective EE [Enriched Education] Programs:
[major categories of items]
"Parent Involvement is an Integral Part of the Program"
"The Program Has High Standards"
"Principals and Teachers Demonstrate Strong Leadership on Behalf of the Program"
"The Program is Developmental"
"Instruction is Student-Centered"
"Language Instruction is Integrated with Challenging Academic Instruction"
"Instructional Personnel are Reflective"
"EE Programs are Integrated with other School Programs and Schools"
"The Program Aims for Additive Bilingualism"

Posted by roge0229 at 10:45 PM

Cloud, Genesee, & Hamayan book

Cloud, Genesee, & Hamayan (2000). Dual language instruction: A handbook for enriched education. Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle Publishers.
From a "Voices from the Field" segment (pp. 11-12) by Rosa Molina
"The primary goal in two-way programs is to narrow the gap between language minority and language majority students, not by slowing down the program so that English language learners can catch up, but by raising the achievement patterns of the students, thus providing an academically and linguistically rigorous program for all students. No language group is expendable in this program! The administration, teaching staff, and parents must share a commitment to the vision of equity and academic success for all of the children in their program. Without a watchful approach to the quality of their two-way programs, schools will find themselves tragically exploiting the language minority group they had hoped to help for the benefit of the language majority students" (pp. 11-12).

Posted by roge0229 at 10:36 PM

October 5, 2004

dissertation about concepts

Here's a reference to a dissertation done on conceptual underpinnings of "two-way immersion":
Gerena, Linda M. Micillo (2002)
Promoting language transformation and policy reform in education through two-way immersion: A conceptual framework
Available from Digital Dissertations, Publication # AAT 3053043
I plan to skim this, especially some of review of literature, for some ideas.

Posted by roge0229 at 5:11 PM