Cook & Schirmer
Cook, B. G. & Schirmer, B. R. (2003). What is special about special education? Overview and analysis. Journal of Special Education, 37(3), 200-205.
Abstract by authors
In this topical issue of "The Journal of Special Education," leading scholars in special education reviewed the literature and investigated whether special education is, indeed, special by examining to what degree (a) effective techniques have been developed for students with disabilities, (b) these effective techniques are applied and implemented with fidelity, and (c) utilization of these techniques is unique to special education. In this article, the authors analyze findings from this special issue regarding what is special--effective, implemented, and unique--about special education. The authors found that effective, empirically supported practices have been developed for students with disabilities, that these techniques are used predominantly in special education, and that these effective practices are not implemented regularly or with fidelity. Recommendations to enhance the implementation of effective, research-based practices are offered.
-- mostly a clinical term used in psychology and school psychology