The Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2007 (H.R. 2764), which directs the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to provide the public with open online access to findings from its funded research, was passed by both houses of Congress and signed into law at the end of December.
The University Libraries is ready to support U of MN researchers who would like assistance in depositing their NIH-funded publications with PubMed Central. Watch our Transforming Scholarly Communication site for details coming soon!
An excerpt from the December 26, 2007 press release from the Alliance for Taxpayer Access:
This is the first time the U.S. government has mandated public access to research funded by a major agency.
The provision directs the NIH to change its existing Public Access Policy, implemented as a voluntary measure in 2005, so that participation is required for agency-funded investigators. Researchers will now be required to deposit electronic copies of their peer-reviewed manuscripts into the National Library of Medicineâ€™s online archive, PubMed Central. Full texts of the articles will be publicly available and searchable online in PubMed Central no later than 12 months after publication in a journal.
"Facilitated access to new knowledge is key to the rapid advancement of science," said Harold Varmus, president of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Nobel Prize Winner. "The tremendous benefits of broad, unfettered access to information are already clear from the Human Genome Project, which has made its DNA sequences immediately and freely available to all via the Internet. Providing widespread access, even with a one-year delay, to the full text of research articles supported by funds from all institutes at the NIH will increase those benefits dramatically."
"Public access to publicly funded research contributes directly to the mission of higher education,â€? said David Shulenburger, Vice President for Academic Affairs at NASULGC (the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges). â€œImproved access will enable universities to maximize their own investment in research, and widen the potential for discovery as the results are more readily available for others to build upon.â€?