From the September 13 press release by Ithaka:
Ithaka S+R is pleased to announce Research Support Services for Scholars (RSS4S). This series of discipline-specific projects aims to provide critically needed research about the evolving behavior of scholars to the information support service providers who work with them. Through this work, Ithaka S+R will provide a scholar-centric foundation of understanding about scholarly practices intended to facilitate the development of new support services, policies, infrastructures and institutions which will facilitate innovative, effective, and efficient research practices.
We are launching with projects in the disciplines of history and chemistry. We are looking for feedback throughout this research process from scholars in the fields we are studying as well as the information service providers -- librarians, scholarly societies, computing support centers, and publishers-who support those fields.