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Recidivism and Reintegration: The Specific Effects of Sentencing on Employment, Family, and Crime

Jukka Savolainen

The literature on criminal careers underscores the role of adult social bonds as an important source of desistance. Two institutional contexts appear particularly critical in this regard: work and family. American research on prisoner re-entry suggests that incarceration may entail detrimental consequences for marital and employment outcomes. The purpose of this study is to extend similar questions to a national context characterized by a supportive welfare state and a comparatively lenient sentencing culture. Drawing on data from Finland, I examine individual-level effects of sentencing outcomes on family attainment, divorce, unemployment, and recidivism.