The 1970s - Part 2

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In 1972, the Minnesota College Personnel Association and the Minnesota Women's Center co-presented an all-day workshop, titled, I am Furious (Female). It was intended to "help men and women explore the problems of women in light of the current women's rights movement." The plan of events included the Emma Willard Task Force's presentation on sexism in education, the increasing militancy of women students on the issues of birth control and reproductive health and other sex-related services, and a film showing on the women's movement.


Upon Roff's retirement from the department of the Continuing Education of Women in 1973, Edith Mucke became director in 1974. Long before this position, she was a student in the program herself. In an interview, she says, "I had reached a point in my life where I didn't know what was ahead." She recalled reading a newspaper article about a liberal arts seminar, "New Worlds of Knowledge," which was designed as an open door for women who would like to come back to the University. After she completed her bachelor's degree, Mucke was offered a position in the program. "From the beginning," she remarked, "we had a glorious team."
--From The University of Minnesota: 1945-2000, S Lehmberg and AM Pflaum, 2001.


In her annual report for 1971-1973, Anne Truax revealed that the Center had received 150 requests for more information about the faculty salary survey, work that was building the nation reputation of the Center. The Center worked hard to acquire knowledge and to be seen as experts in feminism and the women's movement. This report foreshadowed the work of the next twenty years.


In 1974, a group of students filed suit against the University, alleging sex discrimination in the women's sports. The complaint asked that women's athletics be funded according to the percentage of women in the student body. The complaint read in part: "This pattern of sex discrimination existing in athletics is part of an overall pattern of discrimination at the University of Minnesota."

One of the federal regulations the students used to justify their suit was Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. The women's athletic budget was $34,970; the men's, more than $2.2 million. After studying the issue, the University asked the legislature for additional amount of money for women athletes at the University.