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March 20, 2009

Optional readings on the social-psychology of health behaviour

Here's a fairly typical study in the field of s-p of health behaviours:

Exploring attitude and belief correlates of adhering to the new guidelines for low-risk single-occasion drinking: an application of the theory of planned behaviour
Vered Murgraff, Mark R. McDermott, and James Walsh
Alcohol Alcohol., Mar 2001; 36: 135 - 140.
Download file

And here's another:
Walsh, James J. and McGrath, Fergus P. (2000) IDENTITY, COPING STYLE, AND HEALTH BEHAVIOUR AMONG FIRST GENERATION IRISH IMMIGRANTS IN ENGLAND.Psychology & Health; Jul2000, Vol. 15 Issue 4
Download file

March 14, 2009

UN Declaration of Human Rights - history

Here's the info about the book I mentioned a couple of classes ago that gives the history of the deveopment of the UN Dec. of Human Rights. A World Made New, by Mary Glendon (2002). Very interesting!
http://www.amazon.co.uk/World-Made-New-Mary-Glendon/dp/0375760466/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1237030256&sr=1-1

March 10, 2009

Optional readings on Aggression

The General Aggression Model: Carnagy and Anderson: http://www.psychology.iastate.edu/faculty/caa/abstracts/2000-2004/03CA.pdf

Victim Support Study: Hoodie or Goodie: The link between violent victimisation and offending in young people http://www.victimsupport.org.uk/vs_england_wales/about_us/publications/hoodie_or_goodie/hoodie_or_goodie_report.pdf

February 28, 2009

More resources on Cults and Totalitarianism

Don't forget that you can apply all kinds of elements from social influence, persuasion, obedience, etc., etc. to your analysis.

But here's some additional websites and readings more directly on cults/totalitarianism that might help with the book review:

Lots from Zimbardo - check the downloadable documents link. http://www.zimbardo.com/

Janja Lalich's website: various writings on cults: http://www.janjalalich.com

Ben Zablocki's site. He has run the only longitudinal study of cults (30 years now). Also has excellent articles on the academic controversy about cultic studies. http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~zablocki/

Steven Kent has done interesting work, especially in relation to children - but also Scientology, and other things (navigate to different sections from left panel) :http://www.arts.ualberta.ca/~skent/scientology.html


Here's some downloadable documents we'll be reading soon, but are related to cults again (cults in the workplace):

Singer and Lalich (1995) Download file

Tourish (2002) on Transformational Leadership: Download file

Here's some oldies but goodies - classic texts that should be more easily available.

Anything, more or less, by Lifton.

Schein, Edgar H. 1961. Coercive persuasion; a socio-psychological analysis of the "brainwashing" of American civilian prisoners by the Chinese Communists. New York,: W. W. Norton.

Lofland, John. 1977. Doomsday Cult : a study of conversion, proselytization, and maintenance of faith. New York: Irvington Publishers : distributed by Halsted Press.

Fromm, E. 1941. Escape from freedom. New York: Henry Holt.

Festinger, Leon, Henry W. Riecken, and Stanley Schachter. 1956. When prophecy fails. Minneapolis,: University of Minnesota Press.

Not so classic, but interesting:
Deikman, Arthur J. 1990. The wrong way home: Uncovering the patterns of cult behavior in American society. Boston: Beacon Press.

Attachment Compassion and Altruism

Gillath, Shaver and Mikulincer (2005)

Download file

January 30, 2009

Optional readings on brainwashing, cults, etc.

Lifton's Chapter 22 as discussed in class; http://www.apologeticsindex.org/b07.html

Long but interesting article: Zablocki, Benjamin D. 2001. "Toward a demystified and disinterested scientific concept of brainwashing." in Misunderstanding cults: Searching for objectivity in a controversial field, edited by Benjamin D. Zablocki and T. Robbins. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~zablocki/Articles/Zablocki--Scientific%20Theory%20of%20Brainwashing.pdf

Another theoretical model: Lalich, Janja. 2004. "Using the Bounded Choice model as an analytical tool: A case study of Heaven's Gate." Cultic Studies Review 3:226-247. http://www.icsahome.com/infoserv_articles/lalich_janja_boundedchoice_abs.htm

And yet another one: Taylor, Kathleen E. 2004. Brainwashing : the science of thought control. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

January 23, 2009

More reading ideas as discussed in class

Lessing, Doris. 1987. Prisons we choose to live inside. New York,: Harper & Row.

Lifton, Robert Jay. 1986. The Nazi doctors: Medical killing and the psychology of genocide. New York: Basic Books.NY.

Zimbardo, P. 2007. The Lucifer effect: Random House.

January 22, 2009

Strong Interaction - interesting book

Smith, Tom, 1992. Strong Interaction. University of Chicago Press

This is a very interesting (and I think important and under-appreciated) book about strong situations and relationships and how people respond to these. A kind of neuro-social-psychological approach, that also uses theories of the Self from Kohut.

Influence reading

Excellent classic book on Social Influence:

Cialdini, Robert. 1984. Influence: The psychology of persuasion. William Morrow. New York (Later editions also available).

December 10, 2008

Love at Goon Park

Interesting book about Harry Harlow who did the cloth and wire ("warm" and "cold") monkey mum experiments on love and attachment.

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Love-Goon-Park-Science-Affection/dp/0738202789

November 27, 2008

Interesting books on Adult Attachment

Murray Parkes, C., Stevenson-Hinde, J. (Eds.) (1993) Attachment Across the Life Cycle. Routledge.

Rholes, W.S., and Simpson, J.A. (Eds.) (2004). Adult attachment : theory, research, and
clinical implications.
New York : Guilford Press.

Optional reading "What is Beautiful is Good"

Download file

November 20, 2008

Friendship and Affiliation optional readings


The personal acquaintance measure: A tool for appraising one's acquaintance with any person.

Starzyk, Katherine B.; Holden, Ronald R.; Fabrigar, Leandre R.; MacDonald, Tara K.; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2006, vol. 90, issue 5, p 833, ISSN 00223514. ISBN 00223514.


Friendship and Need Fulfillment During Three Phases of Young Adulthood
Julie Carbery

University of Texas at Dallas

Duane Buhrmester

Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, Vol. 15, No. 3, 393-409 (1998)
DOI: 10.1177/0265407598153005
University of Texas at Dallas

Theory and knowledge about adult friendship have not been integrated within a broader life-span perspective, thus leaving us with a disjointed understanding of adult friendship, marriage and parent-child relationships. The present study redresses this situation by examining developmental differences in young adult friendship within the broader context of their network of significant family relationships. Robert Weiss' (1974) conceptualization of social provisions was used as the basis for comparing the roles that close friends play in need fulfillment to the roles played by other network members. Predominantly White middle-class male and female adults (ages 20 to 35 years) were recruited from three family-role-defined phases of young adulthood (N = 180): (i) the single phase (i.e. romantically uncommitted), (ii) the married-without-children phase, and (iii) the parenthood phase (i.e. married with young children). Participants rated the extent to which they received each of nine social provisions through their relationships with their mother, father, closest friend, spouse or casual dating partner, and their oldest child (if applicable). In general, the findings revealed that reliance on friends to satisfy social needs is greatest during the single phase and is reduced significantly during the marital and parenthood phases. Women report gaining higher levels of certain social provisions (especially emotional support) from friends than men across all three phases. The importance of friends relative to other network members as suppliers of social provisions differed substantially between the three phases; these differences appeared to be integrally tied to differences in family role involvement. Neither Weiss' relationships-specificity model nor Cantor's (1979) hierarchical-compensatory model adequately described the organization of need-fulfilling networks across all three phases.

November 14, 2008

Deborah Layton book

Seductive Poison by Layton - excellent, insightful book on Jim Jones, the Peoples Temple and Jonestown:

http://www.randomhouse.ca/catalog/display.pperl?isbn=9780385489843

November 13, 2008

Attitudes: optional readings

Festinger and Carlsmith (1959) here: http://www.psych.umn.edu/courses/summer07/lippmannb/psy3201/readings/festinger%20and%20carlsmith%201959%20-%20dissonance.pdf


Are beliefs inherited? Research shows some attitudes are rooted in genetics, though environment is still key.

BY TORI DeANGELIS http://www.apa.org/monitor/apr04/beliefs.html

November 7, 2008

Links to books discussed in class 6

The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog. Bruce Perry http://www.childtrauma.org/CTAMATERIALS/boy_raised_as_a_dog.asp

The Protean Self. Robert Jay Lifton http://www.press.uchicago.edu/presssite/metadata.epl?mode=synopsis&bookkey=40114

And here's the reference for an interesting recent book edited by Fonagy and others (he's written tons - this is just one reference. If you're interested, google his name and you'll find his home page with all his publications):

Fonagy,P., Gergely,G., Jurist,E.J., Target,M. (2002), Affect Regulation, Mentalization and the Development of the Self New York: Other Press,

November 6, 2008

The Self: optional readings

Snyder, M., & Cantor, N. (1980, August). Thinking about ourselves and others: Self-monitoring and social knowledge. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(2), 222-234. Retrieved November 4, 2008, doi:10.1037/0022-3514.39.2.222

Note: Snyder has many other articles on self-monitoring that may be of interest.

Taylor, S., & Lobel, M. (1989, October). Social comparison activity under threat: Downward evaluation and upward contacts. Psychological Review, 96(4), 569-575. Retrieved November 4, 2008, doi:10.1037/0033-295X.96.4.569

Short excerpt from Mead on the "I" and the "Me": http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Mead/socialself.htm

October 23, 2008

Great classic social psychology book

One of my favorites: Asch, Solomon (1987). Social Psychology. Oxford University Press. USA.

Originally published in 1952.

October 20, 2008

on the topic of bathrooms...

Here's a link to the article Michelle mentioned in class last week:
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/7667499.stm

And here's the reference and abstract for the article I mentioned about social-psychological research done in a public bathroom. This will be relevant in our upcoming discussions on Presentation of Self:

Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, Vol. 14, No. 1, 33-58 (1985)
DOI: 10.1177/0098303985014001002

Meanwhile Backstage
Public Bathrooms and the Interaction Order
SPENCER E. CAHILL

WILLIAM DISTLER

CYNTHIA LACHOWETZ

ANDREA MEANEY

ROBYN TARALLO

TEENA WILLARD

This article, based on observational research, provides a microsociological analysis of the behavior that routinely occurs in public bathrooms. Our findings indicate that occupants of public bathrooms routinely perform a number of interpersonal rituals and engage in a variety of backstage behaviors. Analysis of these routine bathroom behaviors reveals the degree to which members of this society are oriented to certain shared values and behavioral standards. These shared values and behavioral standards are identified, and some suggestions regarding their broader sociological significance are advanced.

October 16, 2008

Tversky and Kahnemann (1974) reading on Cognitive Heuristics

Here's the original article describing cognitive heuristics by Tversky and Kahnemann. If this link doesn't work, try logging in to your Birkbeck library account first, and then go to the link.

http://psych.umb.edu/faculty/kaldy/courses/psy641/pdfs/Tversky_Kahneman.pdf

October 3, 2008

Readings

In this blog I will keep a list of additional reading suggestions. They will be filed under the category "Reading Suggestions". These are optional readings. I will make clear in class which readings are required, rather than optional. I will also post, from time to time, various items of interest that appear in the press.

Feel free to email me any items or web links you think might be of interest to the rest of the class.


Stainton Rogers, Wendy (2003). Social Psychology: Experimental and critical approaches. London, Open University Press.

This is the book I mentioned in class that discusses more of the feminist critique and other critical approaches. Chapter 3 discusses both quantitative and qualitative methods.