Chapter 14 explores personality and how it can be determined. This chapter also gives us insights to where personality tends to come from. Throughout chapter 14 we are given useful tools to analyze and evaluate scientifically and socially.
One topic that stood out while reading this chapter is the section that describes ways to decipher ones personality through graphology. Graphology is the psychological interpretation of a persons handwriting. The book gives us a few examples of signatures and identifies what personalities may come from the way they write. One example was Sen. John McCain's signature. The book suggests that because of the way this signature has been written, McCain is willing to go his own way, he has pride and ambition, along with a need for privacy and a possible temper. These traits come from certain marks such as a tall h in John or, the overlap of upward and downward strokes throughout the signature. Although this may seem interesting, the overall dependability on graphological interpretations, are relatively low.
Another interesting portion of the chapter is Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality. Freud uses an iceberg to covey his methods of personality. The tip of the iceberg represents the ego, or boss of personality. The tip also represents the contact with the outside world. The submerged part of the ice berg represents the unconscious part of personality, or the difficult to retrieve material that is well below the surface of awareness. The portion also contains the super ego with is our sense of morality, and the id, or the reservoir of our most primitive impulses.