After reading the articles by Goleman and Rath and Conchie,
my previous views on leadership are still the same but improved.
I think in order to be an effective leader a person needs to be versatile. Versatile leaders are capable of switching leadership styles appropriately to influence a situation. Consequently, an effective leader should be a great situation manipulator.
I find Goleman's research finding to be very remarkable; he found emotional intelligence to be strongly tied to one's leadership styles. Based on his findings, he indirectly suggests that it is possible for leaders to possess all the six leadership styles if they are able to discover and strengthen their own emotional intelligence. To me, it means that leadership is not gifted but rather cultivated.
I think as a leader, it is indeed very important to serve the four basic needs of the followers. I think trust is the topmost important on my list but clearly the other needs are significant in their own way. However, now that I understand the basic requirements of followers,as a leader, I wonder how do I put them into practice?
Goleman, Daniel (2000). "Leadership that Gets Results." Harvard Business Review, 78(2), 78-90.
Rath, T. & Conchie, B. (2009). "Understanding why people follow." Strengths based leadership: Great leaders, teams, and why people follow. (pp. 79 - 85). New York: Gallup Press.