After new rules, 2016 automobiles will average 35.5 miles per gallon

The Transportation Department and the Environmental Protection Agency's new rules for greenhouse gas emissions for automobiles were issued Thursday, ending 30 years of debate between regulators and automakers, The New York Times reported.

They said this could mean further debate over emissions from stationary sources like power plants, steel mills and refineries.

The Times said the new standard, average at 35.5 miles per gallon, will be seen by most drivers by 2016. They also mentioned that most drivers will probably see lower mileage figures in actual driving and said these new rules are expected to cut carbon dioxide emissions by 30 percent between 2012 and 2016.

The driver of the average 2016 car will save about $3000 in gasoline, officials said, as reported by the Times, but in order to achieve this new efficiency figure about $1000 will be added to the cost of new cars.

Car companies had little choice in accepting the bill, the Times said; some, like General Motors and Chrysler, were facing bankruptcy.

The cost of compliance for the industry was estimated at $52 billion over the five years of the new rules' program, the Times said. They also reported the benefits, including gasoline savings, reduced pollution, and less imported oil, to be about $240 billion.

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