Technological Emergence

Catherine Solheim and Polina Levchenko

Distributed Families

Families.pngIn this segment of the colloquium, Catherine Solheim and Polina Levchenko talk about spouses and others in dispersed relationships who must mediate both technology-enhanced communication and inter-cultural communication.

Catherine explains the circumstances that create dispersed families: opportunities, need to leave for economic survival, becoming refugees. She talked with Mexican families. Mexican men talked about their efforts to maintain their role in the family at a distance.

Conversely, Polina reports that she talks with her family in Russia almost every day via Skype, and sometimes finds they have nothing to talk about when they see each other:

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In the discussion that followed, colloquium participants asked Catherine and Polina about the effects other communication technologies on distributed families.

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  • This may occur when either a member state (or a group of them) faces a problem, that cannot be solved by any means on national level, and it has to be moved “upstairs” to the European one. Such a process took place in case of, previously mentioned, German efforts to establish not only JHA but whole 3rd pillar at the intergovernmental conference leading to Maastricht Treaty. Another reason for “Europeanization” of certain areas of development can be caused by member state government’s will to “push” an inconvenient political debate “up” to European level.

  • The reason for this was a successful policy conducted by Putin – he restored the importance of Russia in the international relations, his policy led to improvement of Russian economy and the standard of live of the Russian citizens.

  • In modern liberal democracies, such tendencies are of course shared only by the minority of the society, but in other countries they can be dominant one. Such tendencies are used by political parties (for example in France), or by governments (for example in Russia), to postulate, or implement neoauthoritarian solutions in public life.

  • The project of the Nordstream consists of Russian onshore pipeline, Baltic underwater pipeline and German onshore pipeline. The Nordstream is to be a double pipeline, being able to send up to 27.5 billion cubic meters (bcm) every year from Russia to Germany. It is worth mentioning that the Finnish government reserved itself a right to connect Finnish onshore pipelines with either submarine or onshore parts of this pipeline.

  • Although I will not say, I keep some contact has always been, since I remember and really strong bond, but in high school or in college or your clings to her and tied to more friends, znjomości than in the sandbox.

  • If Slovakia got cut off from Russian gas, that would mean that, also part of west European supplies would be cut off (because even when Nord Stream gas pipeline was built, part of gas from Russia to western Europe would still be transmitted through Slovakia). Furthermore if Slovakia stood on the edge of lack of gas, the rest of EU Member States would have to share their gas supplies with Slovakia.