Technological Emergence

Renata Avila, Hazel Feigenblatt, Rebekah Heacock, Nathaniel Heller

Global Mapping of Technology for Transparency and Accountability

global_mapping_of_technology_final1.jpegAs internet and mobile phone use increases, technology is transforming the field of transparency and accountability making it an increasingly dynamic space across the globe. Technology is helping to improve citizen participation in decision-making and producing new ways of identifying public service challenges through processes such as 'data mashing'.

This paper documents current trends in the way technology is being used to promote transparency in different parts of the world. It reviews over 100 projects from across Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America, examining how new technologies are re-energising traditional methods. In particular, it focuses on how these new technologies are helping to engage different actors from citizens, media, authorities and the private sector.
Our research finds promising success stories alongside less accomplished examples. The authors argue that a key element of successful technology use in transparency and accountability efforts is their speed - both in execution and in stimulating change...

Read more summary and download entire report here.

Thanks to Miriam McCarthy at the Transparency and Accountability Initiative for permission to link to this important report on mobile devices and citizenship initiatives.


  • Mobile device use is increasing exponentially and I totally agree that it is improving citizen participation for those who are able to use the technology. My questions is what will happen to those who can't use the technology...they will be left behind and we will start to see another gulf in class/society,

  • Through this example I can describe the present and potential threats to the energy independence and security of the Eastern part of the European Union. I would also like to show any possible implications of this situation for the EU’s policies.

  • The obvious fact that Slovakia is not rich in such energy resources as petroleum and gas (contrary to being quite rich in coal) forces the Slovak economy to import these fuels from abroad. Since Slovak gas resources cover only 30-40% of the demand (depending on how intensive the exploitation of natural resources are at the time), Slovakia is dependent on imported gas. Historical factors such as 54 years of being dominated by the Soviet union, determines Russia as a major energy trade partner of Slovakia.

  • A friendship at a distance - exists and is doing well. The buddy Wreosławia so far I have great contact and nothing has changed, even though we saw in the last year again - we have only virtual contact or by phone. It does not matter if it's a real bond.

  • Through this example I can describe the present and potential threats to the energy independence and security of the Eastern part of the European Union. I would also like to show any possible implications of this situation for the EU’s policies.

  • In the end of 1990’s when Vladimir Putin was a prime minister and started to gain more and more power and influence, the policy of his, started to improve situation not only of the Russian Federation as a state, but also of Russian citizens (not only the elites).

  • First of all, we should take a good look at reasons for creating JHA as EU policy. In late 80’s and 90’s situation in Europe has changed diametrically. The fall of the eastern block and increased immigration to EC member states pushed European Communities to work out a plan of developing of what would eventually become a third pillar.

  • Finally Black Sea is a region reach in natural resources, but is not accessible without political help from the EU. As I tried to show, Slovakia has good opportunity to get more independent from Russian gas supplies, but without EU’s support (political or financial) it is unlikely to deal with that issue.

  • Naturally countries taking part in this project are the ones to claim that such a gas pipeline is not meant to be planned against Slovakia, but for Germany and other European Countries. Plus, western European countries claim that the construction of Nordstream would eliminate the factor of unstable eastern transit partners – such as the Ukraine and Belarus. That argument in particular has been brought up by western countries and some of the EU officials after the gas crisis began in the beginning of 2009.

  • However practice shows that the power is concentrated in hands of a single group of politicians, often with a charismatic leader, who is the head of the state, or its actual leader (prime minister). In those systems the authority of the charismatic leader and its group is a primary way of legitimizing the decision-making process, elections are the secondary one.

  • The social support for Front National is not a major one. Currently this party does not have any deputies neither in National Assembly (lower chamber of French Parliament) nor in Senate.