Technological Emergence


Anushke Guneratne

Bottom up Globalization: How The Internet Empowers Social Movements

This paper discusses how the internet as a form of new media facilitates social movements. The nature of the public sphere and the structure and formation of society needs to be considered to understand how the internet will be useful, or how the internet changes social structures. Different theories of how information and media affect social and political decision making are also discussed. The revolutionary nature of the internet has changed information flow and control, and there are several real-world instances which can be used as an example. The discussion enabled several criteria to be derived which will be helpful

Francisco de Paula Antunes Lima, Cinthia Versiani Scott Varella, Fabiana Goulart de Oliveira, Jacqueline Rutkowski, and Patrick McAnaney

Recycling and Social Technologies: The Brazilian Experience of Wastepicker Inclusion in Selective Collection Programs

Manual collection cartThe objective of this article is to discuss alternatives for destination of urban waste, particularly social technologies developed in diverse forms in Northern and Southern nations. Although environmental issues are a global problem, different alternatives are appearing in central capitalist countries and in developing countries. The determining factor of this difference is the size of the internal consumption market, which produces both the waste itself as well as the forms of treatment.

Raoni Rajao

The Digital Jungle: The Role of GIS in the Sociomaterial Creation of Deforestation in the Amazon

Dr. Raoni Rajao presents his research on the intersections of technology, rhetoric, and deforestation in the Amazon rain forest in Brazil. Rajao describes the rhetorical disconnect that happens when Brazilian park rangers try to convince farmers in the Amazon rain forest to stop practices that result deforestation. However, what we in the north call "deforestation", farmers in the Amazon are likely to see simply as "farming." This results in different versions of deforestation clashing with each other. For example, farmers might claim that the deforestation is the result of accidental fire, but rangers argue that if you plant seeds where