August 24, 2004
Coding field 041 for videos
Here's a helpful message posted to the OLAC list from Jay Weitz of OCLC. Coding the 041 is always confusing, especially since the 2002 changes. This clears up a lot of the confusion:
"Coding field 041 has never been easy for visual materials, but two circumstances in particular have made that coding even more complicated and confusing in recent years. One dates from late 1996 and early 1997, in the development and proliferation of the DVD video format with its vast capacity for multiple language soundtracks, subtitling, and captioning options. The other was the change in 041 coding practice implemented in December 2002 that mandated separate subfielding for each language code rather than multiple language codes in a single subfield. (Those of us who strenuously argued against this change because of its severe impact on the cataloging of visual materials and sound recordings, especially, lost that debate.) So, with that background, here are my recommendations.
- When a translation is involved, a subfield $h for the original language should follow the subfield or group of subfields that represent the language(s) of translation.
- The subfield $h containing the original language should follow directly after the subfield (or the group of similarly-coded subfields) representing the language(s) of translation.
- The general definition of subfield $b in MARC 21 reads "Subfield $b contains the codes for languages of summaries when the language of the summary is other than that of the text." Specifically for audiovisual materials it says that "subfield $b contains the language code (s) of overprinted titles (subtitles) when they differ from the language of the sound track." The clear intention of MARC 21 is to code only those languages not already found in subfield $a."
So, for example, if a film was originally produced with dialogue in English and the DVD included an alternate dialogue track in French, a subfield $h should be included for English, and it should follow $a and precede $b:
041 $a eng $a fre $h eng $b eng
Questions? Contact Stacie.
Posted by trail001 at August 24, 2004 10:29 AM | Video
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Posted by: Bertram Demedeiros at January 15, 2011 1:50 AM