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Mariah Helgeson

How does Bartleby's ability to be both productive and unproductive challenge the Enlightenment ideals of industry and productivity? What is the significance of Melville's description of Bartleby as a "ghost," an "intolerable incubus" and an "apparition"? How does the narrator reconcile his "conviction that the easiest way of life is the best" with Bartleby's passivity? Does Bartleby's inability to participate fully in industrial society ultimately change the narrator and subsequently, the Capitalist society?