Esther's main psychological problem in the novel seems to be depression, which she struggles with her entire life, even up to her eventual suicide. Her suicide attempt in the story is taken as a form of neurotic psychoses, and she is labeled as "insane." How does this relate with our current understanding of human psychology? Are the treatments she endures adequate to her mental state? And how, if at all, do they help her cope with her problems? Can she really be labeled insane?