# Recently in Analysis Category

## Numbers analysis

The Duluth \$500,000 grant story uses numbers throughout to explain the current situation. First, the reporter used numbers to tell readers just how much grant money Duluth was getting. Then, the reporter used percentages to discuss the number of people who had insurance to cover the losses in the flash floods (5 to 10 percent out of 1,700). Finally, the story included numbers for other flood relief that has gone to the area (\$167.5 million so far).

The numbers are not overwhelming. They are used simply to add background information to the story. The reporter did not use unnecessary numbers that would complicate the story and confuse readers, but used just enough to keep them informed. The reporter used math to find the number of people who had insurance when the floods hit. The foundation that is donating the \$500,000, the Cargill Foundation, is the source of the first number. The reporter did not attribute the second number. I am assuming that he crunched these himself or got them from another story. He should have attributed these numbers to make his story more credible. The last number came from a meeting that state legislators held.

## Analysis 3

Most people would agree that the CNN and FOX news corporations couldn't be more different. In many respects, both can seem biased in some way or another. They do have similarities in the multimedia they use to present the news, however.
Both websites have perfected the use of videos to accompany their written web content. The videos offer visuals of the story, which is helpful in allowing the news consumer to fully understand what is going on in the story. For example, in a news story by CNN about a woman who slapped a police officer, the provided video includes a face-to-face interview with the woman and her husband as well as video from the event as it was happening.
The writing that accompanies video news on news websites is usually shorter, probably because people are expected to watch the video to get most of the information. For this particular CNN story, there was only a description of the video's content.
The FOX news website has a similar structure. In a story about Hurricane Sandy, FOX news even included a live satellite view of the hurricane, which is helpful for news consumers to understand the geographical position of the storm and the areas that will be affected. There was also an accompanying video, but this particular story was also completely written out like a typical print news story.

## Sexual abuse in daycare centers shows a trend

A Star Tribune story about sexual abuse in daycare centers uses a very traditional story structure, starting with the most important information first, then leading to an analysis and explanation of facts later in the story.

The writer started off with the biggest fact: that over 65 children have been sexually abused in child-care centers in Minnesota since 2007. This fact lures the readers in, then the writer elaborates, providing some examples of convicted persons over the last few years.

Then the writer revealed a pattern that an investigation by the Star Tribune discovered. In this case, the pattern was that private, in-home child-care facilities tend to put children in danger more than public institutions, because of failures in judgment.

The remainder of the story is an explanation of what authorities are planning to do to solve the problem.

This story structure is effective because the first few paragraphs provide the most important details, allowing the reader to decide if the rest of the story is worth reading or not. Because it is not a breaking news story, but an investigative one, this structure works better. If people are reading breaking news, they don't want to read a two-page story that breaks down every detail- they just want to know what happened. This type of story, however, allows the reader to feel enlightened by the end of it, because it offers an in-depth explanation of the problem.

It was clear that the writers had been researching this for several years, as they provided facts and data from many years back.

The order of the information is helpful in understanding the story. The biggest fact is placed at the very beginning, and the rest of the story breaks this fact down into parts to be explained. Starting with the big picture is helpful to keep readers from becoming overwhelmed with too much information at the start.