We humans are a highly social species often gathering for parties, family functions, or a fun day with friends. This has gone back to hundreds of thousands of years ago beginning in as early as the hominids in Africa. The small tight social bands that we have today, were also shown back then.
In groups, there is an "in-group members"- group that includes only some people, and outgroup members- the members who are excluded from these groups. This is often seen daily, especially within middle school. Anthropologist Robin Dunbar came up with a theory with the number 150. The number 150 represents the approximate size of most human social groups. In the textbook Psychology, from inquiry to understanding, they relate to today's Facebook. It is stated that the average number of people on Facebook that know us reasonably well is about 130 people, not far from Dunbar's magic number.
The need to belong theory is based on a need for humans to have interpersonal connections. Several people seek out social bonds when possible, and when not, suffering negative psychological and physical consequences is common.Social comparison comparison theory is when we evaluate our abilities and beliefs by comparing them with those of others. Many people do this everyday, including myself . The comparison of who looks better, who is more athletic, and who is smarter, are thoughts that goes through the mind everyday. It is how we create our self concepts of who we are, and what we are able to achieve. This can not always be a positive outlook, and can also lead to insecurities. Upward social comparison is when we compare ourselves with people who seem superior to us in some way. A downward comparison is when we often feeling superior to our peers who are less competent than us in an important domain of life.
Often understanding why we are the way we are as social species helps us understand the way of thinking. The pressure we give ourselves comparing one another can be a positive or a negative thing.
Goofy Video but it shows the scale from 1-10 people think they are compared to others on certain aspects.