Recently in Writing #2 Category

Lucid Dreaming

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This is a clip from a movie a friend once loaned me called "Waking Life", which is made to resemble what a lucid dream would look like to someone who is awake. I have yet to get through the movie without feeling sick and ending up asleep on the floor.

A lucid dream is a dream you dream and you know while you dream that it's a dream. There are two types of lucid dreams: A person can be having a normal dream, and something in the dream happens that makes them come to the conclusion that this couldn't possibly happen in real life and therefore they must be dreaming, or a person can walk themselves from a state of consciousness into a dream state. The good thing about lucid dreaming is that, since you are aware that you are dreaming, you can control what you do and what happens in the dream.

At some point, everyone has experienced a lucid dream. There aren't very many personal examples that I can recall off the top of my head, since I usually can't remember my dreams after I wake up. I do, however, remember that there has been a recent instance where I didn't like what was going on in the dream, was suddenly able to recognize that I was dreaming, and began changing around what was happening in order to prevent it from turning into a nightmare.

Does microwave compromise the structure of the water?

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Lots of us have already received an e-mail that states that microwave compromise the structure or the energy of the water. According to this e-mail a woman have made the following experiment to prove it: she took filtered water and divided it into two parts. The first part she heated to boiling in a pan on the stove, and the second part she heated to boiling in a microwave. Then after cooling she used the water to water two identical plants to see if there would be any difference in the growth between the normal boiled water and the water boiled in a microwave. She demonstrates some pictures that saws that the plant which was watering with microwaved water stopped growing and finally died although the other plant with the purified water kept growing.

This claim is not supported well by scientific evidence as other experiments, which have been taken place in more controled manner, have already falsified it, demonstrating that there is no significant difference to the plant's growth between the normal boiled water and the water boiled in a microwave. Of course for the results of the first experiment could be some other more simple explanations: the plants may were not identical that's why they had completely different growth or the container used to store or boil the microwaved water could have introduced a residual substance into the water that hindered plant growth (occam's razor and ruling out rival hypotheses). Since the experiment was not conducted "blindly", the possibility that the experimenter is some way influenced the results cannot be ruled out.


http://www.snopes.com/science/microwave/plants.asp

Sleep Disorders

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Importance of Sleep Disorder

Definition: A sleep disorder is a medical disorder regards to the sleep patterns of a human or animal. Sleep disorders come in various forms. Some include insomnia, narcolepsy and sleep apnea.

Insomnia: difficulty falling and staying asleep

Narcolepsy: disorder characterized by the rapid and unexpected onset of sleep

Sleep Apnea- disorder caused by a blockage of airway during sleep, resulting in daytime fatigue

Importance:
This idea is important because it allows humans to understand what is going on with their bodies and have a sense of knowledge as to why they wake up extremely tired and sometimes don't understand why. In addition, the concept of sleep disorders is important because once we know what is happening within our body, we can find a way to treat it and continue a life of normalcy.
Related to Life:
My aunt recently found that she had sleep apnea, a disorder caused by a blockage of the airway during sleep. Before she knew she had this sleep disorder, she couldn't figure out why she would be so tired during the day. She went to bed at a decent hour and woke up with about 8 hours of sleep. Through the observation of her husband, at night he would hear her stop breathing for short periods of time. This was concerning to him as he knew it wasn't right for a person to stop breathing during sleep. My aunt finally went to the doctor and took a sleep test to see if that would solve anything. It was here that she found out she had sleep apnea.
Once her sleep study was over, the doctor had some options available to her that would help with this sleep disorder. Now, she wears a mask at night which helps her sleep with more ease and is less tired during the day. Because she found out that she had a sleep disorder, she was able to seek treatment and is now able to live life without being so tired. As we all know, when we're tired, we tend to get absolutely nothing accomplished. That's how she felt about 100% of the time, unaccomplished. Finding out about sleep apnea has changed her life for the better.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vmA3C1pqcHQ&feature=fvst

Déjà Vu

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"I feel like I've been here" or" I remember I've done" or "I think I've seen it before but not sure when" - have you had these moments? I have, even more than once. Nothing is wrong with having this experience. We're just having déjà vu experiences. There is not an exact answer why we experience it. It may be that a present experience resembles an earlier one or a memory from a past life. This is a still mysterious unproven scientific question. The term was introduced by a French psychic Emile Boirac in her "The Future of Psychic Sciences". There are so many theories that try to explain the experience. Early 1884, it was explained as one hemisphere of the brain received information a split second earlier than the other half. English research Frederic Myers explained it as the subconscious mind registered information sooner than the conscious mind. Some of the scientists say it's a result of precognitive experiences. Also, it's been explained in a religious way, such as a memory from a previous life in Buddhism. We still don't have the right answer. The closest is mentioned in the textbook. According to the book, an excess of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the temporal lobes play a role in this experience. However, it continues being an attractive topic in psychological and the real world.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/5041824/Deja-vu-and-Precognition
http://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/extrasensory-perceptions/deja-vu.htm

deja vu.jpg

Hypnosis

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Hypnosis is a mental state or imaginative role-enactment induced by hypnotic induction which is a series of instructions and suggestions for relaxation and calmness. Hypnosis can be induced by a hypnotist or it can be self-induced. The use of hypnosis for therapeutic purposes is called hypnotherapy and use of hypnosis for entertainment purposes is called stage hypnosis. There are many myths about hypnosis such as: hypnosis produces a state in which amazing things happen. Movies, shows, and other media shows us that people who are hypnotized do crazy things but that's all purely entertainment. People who volunteer to be hypnotized in a show are prone to do crazy things with the intention of entertaining the crowd.

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Recently I went to the Renaissance Festival and was hypnotized while watching a hypnosis show. Previous to being hypnotized I thought that hypnosis was fake but after I realized that it isn't fake it just isn't exactly what people think it is. You don't lose control or become out of touch, you simply just slip into a state of total relaxation while still being conscious and because of that state of relaxation you may be more prone to do things your asked. I think that the hypnosis made me much calmer and relieved some stress.

Why should we care about hypnosis? Because hypnosis is a legitimate form of therapy and could be effectively used to relieve stress and could be used for other therapeutic purposes.

Lucid Dreaming

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Lucid Dreaming

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Ethics in Psychology

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What is psychology? As we have learned in this class, it is the scientific study of the mind, brain, and behavior of human beings. Also, we've learned many ways of researching and studying to reach this ambitious goal. With the great contribution of many intelligent and determined researchers, the field of psychology is where it is today. We know so much about why we think the way we think, why our brains work the way they do, and why we do the things we do. Probably, a century ago, psychologists would have never guessed any of the answers we have today. Through many creative researches, we've found the theories and concepts that we know today. However, when do we cross the line? When does it go too far? Even it's with a good intention, researchers must keep their research study in the ethical boarder. Whatever the research hypothesis is and wherever the result might lead to, a research cannot be performed in any way that could hurt and abuse the participants. Ethical guidelines must be concerned as the first priority. One research that omitted the ethicality is Stanford Prison Experiment. The experiment was conducted 14 - 20 August 1971 by a team of Stanford researchers to study the psychological effects of becoming a prisoner or prison guard. Participants were all college students. Even though it was planned for last two weeks, it ended after six days. The students who randomly selected to be prisoners was abused violently and believed that we were real prisoners. They reached the psychological level where they were unable to distinguish the experiment and the reality. According to the official website, "Our guards became sadistic and our prisoners became depressed and showed signs of extreme stress."


Prison

Everything has to have a boundary!!!

The Real Rain Man

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Many people have seen the 1980's Dustin Hoffman hit Rain Man. In this movie, Dustin Hoffman plays a character with a rare form of autism where he is known as a "savant". Savantism is when the autistic person excels beyond regular standards in a given area. The most famous case (the one in which Rain Man is actually based on) is about a man by the name of Kim Peek. Unlike Dustin Hoffman's character, however, Kim Peek had FG syndrome, not autism. FG syndrome is a sex-linked mental illness that can affect the individual much more than autism.In Peek's case, in resulted in a damaged cerebellum, which explains why he learned to walk so late, and why his physical dexterity was so limited. Furthermore, his hemisphere's lack the fibrous connectors that are collectively known as the corpus collosum. This is very strange because it makes one wonder if it is connected to his savantism in some way. He had the ability to recall 12,000 (yes, twelve-thousand) entire books from memory with 98% accuracy. He also had the incredible ability to read two pages of a book at the same time, using an eye for each page. This takes him about 10 seconds. It's very interesting because the information entering his left and right visual fields is not being shared between the hemispheres. This raises the question: is it possible that his brain has a speech are in the left AND right hemisphere? Due to this mystery surrounding savants, and their inexplicable proficiency in different areas, our fascination with these prodigous few will probably never wane.

Kim Peek:
http://www.mymultiplesclerosis.co.uk/misc/kimpeek.html

Another Interesting Savants....
Daniel Tammet (math genius, has personalities for numbers):
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Tammet

Derek Paravicini (blind, musical prodigy. perfectly recites complex pieces after hearing once and never forgets them):
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derek_Paravicini

What is conciousness??

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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Biv_8xjj8E&feature=player_embedded
47:53-end
In this segment Marcus de Sautoy looks at the question who "I" is and what consciousness really means. He is tested to see what portions of his brain are active when he makes a decision. The test concluded that he could tell what decision de Sautoy was going to make a whole 6 seconds before he was even away that he made a decision! So the scientist was concious of the choice before de Sautoy himself was! WHAT?!!? that's so crazy! There are so many factors that go into "conscious thought" it's such a confusing mix of biology and free will. Research has really come a long way in recent decades. It is a very recent question to be asking so there isn't a lot of conclusive research(will there ever really be conclusive research???) The brain is such a facinating thing and there is so much we still don't know! How can someone know by looking at a computer what decision you are going to make before you know youself??! If that's true then are you really making it or is your brain just deciding for you. I think it has to be both, you're brain is yours so your beliefs and ideologies are centralized in your brain and your thoughts so it has to be a combanation of both!

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