Although the average human being has average senses like sight, hearing, and taste, there are exceptions to this. Some individuals carry the trait of having higher than normal human abilities relating to their senses.Taste is one of the five senses for determining the flavor of food and other substances. One of the two chemical senses, taste is stimulated through the contact of certain chemicals in substances with clusters of taste bud cells found primarily on the tongue. However, taste is a complex sensing mechanism that is also influenced by the smell and texture of substances. An individual's unique sense of taste is partially inherited, but factors such as culture and familiarity can help determine why one person's favorite food made be hot and spicy while another just can't get enough chocolate. However, a term known as a "supertaster", describes an entirely different idea.
A "supertaster" is a person who experiences certain tastes more powerfully than an average person. John Hayes, a professor, stated that, "Supertasters live in a neon taste world -- everything is bright and vibrant. For non-tasters, everything is pastel. Nothing is ever really intense." Supertasters do not need to add as much salt or sugar as a normal person would, because their taste buds intensify each substance that touches their tongues much more. Scientists believe that this may happen because of hereditary factors, or the fact that the individual's tongue may have a higher number of taste buds. "Supertasters" have entirely different experiences with food, and those factors continue to fascinate humans around the world due to their "superhuman" abilities.