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Two Americans and One Briton win the Nobel Prize for Medicine

Three men, two Americans and one Brition, have been awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine for 2007, according to the New York Times. They will split the $1.54 million prize that they've received for developing a widely used technology to create animal models of human disease in mice. This process is also known as gene targeting.

The three men receiving the prize are Mario R. Capecchi, 70, of the University of Utah, Oliver Smithies, 82, of the University of North Carolina, and Sir Martin J. Evans, 66, in Cardiff University in Whales, according to the New York Times.

The three men mostly worked independently but shared their research with each other, according to the Washington Post. All three were surprised and happy with the news of the award after working on this for 20 years.

The process they developed has been used to study heart disease, cancer, cystic fibrosis, diabetes and other diseases. Smithies hopes that the award will make it easier to secure funding for further research, according to the Washington Post.