Chalk or Whiteboard Animations
Grade Level: Seventh Grade
Time Needed: Five Class Periods
Focus: The Student will design and create an original chalkboard or white board animation inspired by an original piece of writing about transformation.
a. 18.104.22.168.2- Analyze the meanings and functions of visual art
b. 22.214.171.124.1- Create original two- and three- dimensional artwork in a variety of artistic contexts.
c. Create visual piece of art based personal writings
Pencils, pens, paper, chalk or markers, chalkboard or whiteboard, digital camera, tripod, computer for generation of animation
Introduction to the Lesson:
Chalk and whiteboard animation are fairly new ideas in animation. This kind of animation is great for almost any classroom setting. All one really needs is a chalkboard or whiteboard and something to draw with. The actual animation is created using stop motion animation techniques. The artist draws an initial image on the board and adds and subtracts to this image to create a sense of motion and animation. Chalk and whiteboard animation has its roots in line animation, or drawn animation in general. It's just a new medium. Drawn animation became popular around the beginning of the twentieth century. Drawings were made on cells and then these cells were strung together to create movement. Disney is probably the most well known user of cell animation.
One of the successful artists using animation similar to chalk and whiteboard animation is Blu. Blu uses the same idea but on a bigger scale. He uses graffiti art to create animations that often take place on the sides of buildings or streets or sidewalks. Blu is from Argentina. His work focuses on the development of man and the constant change in man's surroundings. His work constantly shows the idea of morphing and transformation.
Class 1: After being introduced to chalk and white board animation, students will be divided into numerous small groups. Each group will be asked to write their own short story. This story must be original and deal with the ideas of transformation. The idea of transformation is the topic of these stories because chalk and white board animation lend itself to illustration transformation. After completing this story, each group will begin story boarding. This storyboard will eventually turn into the chalk or white board animation.
Class 2: Each group will continue storyboarding their creative writing piece about transformation. When storyboarding is complete, the group will begin the actual animation process. The chalkboard will be split up into equal sections for each group. The group will begin drawing, adding, and subtracting to the illustrations on the board. Each group will have a camera set up on a tripod in front of the chalkboard. A member of the group will be assigned to take the pictures of the changes in illustrations. To create a more successful animation, every change in the chalkboard drawing should be documented. The more pictures taken, the more successful the animation will be..
Class 3: The groups will continue to work on their chalkboard animations. The class will be instructed to finish their chalkboard drawings sometime during this class period. Once the illustrations are complete and all the pictures have been taken, the rendering and editing for the animations will begin. The groups will take turns rendering and editing their animations in Photoshop and iMovie. A few groups will begin this today, while the rest of the groups will wait until the next class period.
Class 4: Editing of the animations will continue during this class period. The groups that still have to use the computers will be able to render and edit their animations today. The teams that aren't using the computers will either be doing finishing touches on their chalkboard illustrations or experiment with chalkboard animation.
Class 5: This final class will be allotted for a class showing and critique of the animations. The class will watch each group's animation and give the group feedback on things they liked about their animation. Before the animation is shown, the group will explain the story and ideas behind their animation.
The class will watch each video and then give the group feedback on what was successful about the animation and what needed work.
Art Production: chalk or whiteboard animation
Aesthetics: chalk and whiteboard animation
Art History: history of animation, chalk and whiteboard animation specifically
Art Criticism: showing and critique
Blu. "Video." Blu. 2009. Blu. 11 Dec 2009. <http://blublu.org/sito/video/video.htm>.
"Firekites Autumn Story- chalk animation." 2009. YouTube. 11 Dec 2009.