Picasso Inspired Digitally Rendered Collage
Grade Level: Eighth Grade
Time Needed: Three Class Periods
Focus: Using Photoshop, the students will create a digital collage of themselves inspired by collages made by Pablo Picasso.
a. 188.8.131.52.2- Analyze how the principles of visual art, such as repetition, pattern, emphasis, contrast and balance are used in the creation, presentation of, or response to visual artworks.
b. 184.108.40.206.1- Demonstrate use of a variety of tools, materials and techniques in media arts based on the characteristics of the hardware and software.
c. Using inspiration from Picasso, students will create digital collages.
Slideshow of Picasso's works- his collages and paintings, prints of Picasso's works throughout the room, images such as: http://record.wustl.edu/2002/08-23-02/images/picasso200.jpg and http://teachers.westport.k12 .ct.us/artsmarts/Projects/ Picass2.jpg
Macintosh computer with camera, mouse, keyboard, Photoshop software, Photo Booth program, Printer, ink, paper
Introduction to the Lesson:
Artlex.com defines collage as "a picture or design created by adhering such basically flat elements as newspaper, wallpaper, printed test and illustrations, photographs, cloth, string, etc. to a flat surface." Many artists have worked with this idea. Pablo Picasso, Kurt Schwitters, and Robert Rauschenberg are a few of these artists. Although all of these artists create collage work, each artist has a very personal and different way of creating their work. Some artists stick strictly to paper and glue, while other artists branch out and bring different forms of media into their art. Digital collage is very different but still shares the same basic principles.
Pablo Picasso is a great example of an artist who used collage in his work. He was born in 1881 and died in 1901. Picasso was born in Spain, and much of his education came from his father. His father recognized Picasso's amazing talent. Picasso is probably best known for the different periods in his painting, such as the Blue Period and the Rose Period. He also is known from his work with Cubism. The Blue Period was during a state of mourning as the death of a friend triggered the use of these colors. Picasso's color palette eventually moved towards warmer colors such as pinks and yellows. Picasso's interest in multiple views of an object let to the Cubism movement. This movement is arguably what Picasso is most known for. The division of canvas and different perspectives can help inspire the idea of collage.
Class 1: The students will be introduced to the Photoshop program. The students will begin class by taking pictures of themselves with the Photo Booth program on the Mac computer. These pictures will then be brought into Photoshop, and the class will learn basic uses and tools of the program. The students will also look at the artist Pablo Picasso, specifically his collages and a few paintings. The class will be asked to draw inspiration from Picasso when creating their own collages. The students will begin their collage with the pictures they took at the beginning of class. They will be encouraged to add different shapes, colors, and patterns to this initial image.
Class 2: The class will continue working on their Picasso inspired collages. The students will be encouraged to use many layers and think about the digital media they are using. The students should be breaking up their faces and thinking about the cubism movement and the style used in Picasso's works. Near the end of class the students will have a chance to walk around the room and see what their classmates are doing. Helpfully suggestions will be welcomed to strengthen everyone's work.
Class 3: The students will have the first portion of the class to finish and make any changes to their collages. As the students finish they will have the opportunity to print their collages. As students are printing the images will be displayed throughout the room along with comment sheet; the students will be able to give the artist their input on each collage. There will be a brief, overall critique about the project and the outcome.
The class will participate in a group critique of the project. Each student will be given a piece of paper with the other students' comments about the work.
Art Production: Digitally rendered collage
Aesthetics: Collage inspire by that of Pablo Picasso
Art History: Pablo Picasso
Art Criticism: Class showing and critique
"Janson's Legacy Honored in Gallery of Art Exhibition." Record. 2002. Washington
University in St. Louis. 11 Dec 2009. <http://record.wustl.edu/2002/08-23-02/images/picasso200.jpg>.
"Pablo Picasso." The Art History Archives- Biography & Artworks. The Art History
Archives. 11 Dec 2009. <www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/cubism/Pablo-Picasso.html>.
"Picasso Collage Portraits." Picasso Collage Portraits. Westport Public Schools.