August 2007 Archives

Physical Sciences/Engineering Projects

Here are five multi-institutional and/or multi-disciplinary projects:

(1) The MAST Laboratory

"The Multi-Axial Subassemblage Testing (MAST) Laboratory is one node of the Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES). The MAST Laboratory was developed as a collaboration between the Departments of Civil Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota. NEES is a national, networked simulation resource that includes geographically-distributed, shared-use, next-generation experimental research equipment sites built and operated to advance earthquake engineering research and education through collaborative experimentation. Other NEES nodes include SUNY-Buffalo, University of California-Davis, UCLA, Oregon State University and the University of Texas."
Information excerpted from http://nees.umn.edu.

(2) The NCED at St. Anthony Falls Laboratory

"The National Center for Earth-Surface Dynamics is a Science and Technology Center of the National Science Foundation. The NCED's purpose is to catalyze development of an integrated, predictive science of the processes shaping the surface of the Earth in order to transform management of ecosystems, resources, and land use. The principal investigators are at Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College, the Johns Hopkins University, the Science Museum of Minnesota, University of California-Berkeley, University of Colorado-Boulder, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Louisiana State University, University of Texas-Austin, the St. Anthony Falls Laboratory, and the University of Minnesota."
Information excerpted from http://www.safl.umn.edu

(3) The Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power

"Headquartered at the University of Minnesota, the Center's vision is to create new fluid power technology that is compact and efficient. This will lead to significant fuel savings as the new technologies are implemented in existing and new applications. Improved compactness will enable fluid power to perform tasks that are not presently possible, spawning whole new industries. Besides the U of MN, other core universities are the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Georgia Institute of Technology, Purdue University, and Vanderbilt University. Outreach universities and organizations are the Milwaukee School of Engineering, North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University, the National Fluid Power Association, Science Museum of Minnesota, and Project Lead the Way."
Information excerpted from http://www.ccefp.org

(4) Program for Human Factors Interdisciplinary Research in Simulation and Transportation (HumanFIRST program)

"The program exists to enhance the safety and mobility of road and transit-based transportation through a focus on human-centered technology. A core staff of cognitive psychologists is linked to a broader multidisciplinary network of researchers."
Information excerpted from http://www.humanfirst.umn.edu

(5) The CSDy Center

"The Control Science and Dynamical Systems Center's mission is to encourage stimulating interdisciplinary research in control science and dynamical system theory within the University of Minnesota's Institute of Technology. Researchers have a broad interest in numerical computation, robust control, nonlinear control, linear and nonlinear dynamical systems, and image processing. Faculty are drawn from the Departments of: Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics; Chemical Engineering and Materials Science; Computer Science and Engineering; Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering; Mechanical Engineering; Genetics, Cell Biology and Development; Economics; and Political Science."
Information excerpted from http://www.csdy.umn.edu

VLAB -- Four UofM Depts plus 8 other Institutions

"The Virtual Laboratory for Earth and Planetary Materials, VLab, funded by the National Science Foundation and hosted by the Supercomputing Institute for Digital Simulations and Advanced Computation at the University of Minnesota, is an interdisciplinary consortium dedicated to the development and promotion of the theory of planetary materials. Focuses on computational determination of geophysically important materials..."

Participants:
* University of Minnesota (Chemical Eng./Materials Science, Geology, Computer Science, Chemistry, DTC)
* State University of New York-Stony Brook (Physics)
* Florida State University (CSIT)
* Louisiana State University (CS)
* Indiana University (IT)
* University of California-Santa Barbara (GEOL)
* DEMOCRITOS Modeling Center (Italy)
* Daresbury Laboratory (UK) (e-Science)
* University College London (UK) (ES, Physics)

E-Science Projects at the University of Minnesota

MINOS - The NuMI/MINOS project is a collaboration of some thirty-two institutions and almost two hundred members. The overarching goal of NuMI/MINOS is to observe muon neutrino oscillations and, if all goes as planned, make the most sensitive measurement of the corresponding oscillation parameters to date. To this end, NuMI/MINOS will employ a neutrino beam and two particle detectors.

BNL E952: The NuMass Experiment
A Collaboration from
Brookhaven National Laboratory, Boston University,
CERN, Cornell, Heidelberg University,University of Illinois,
KVI, University of Minnesota, New York University, Yale University
The g-2 Storage Ring is a unique facility for precision measurements that test the standard model. This proposal to improve the muon neutrino mass limit by a factor of 20 (from 170 keV down to 8 keV) will be the largest factor improvement made in any neutrino species mass within the last 25 years.

CLEO - The CLEO collaboration consists of roughly 125 physicists from 20 institutions. The University of Minnesota has been a part of the collaboration since 1988. Our group members have held many positions of leadership within the collaboration, including Spokesperson, Analysis Coordinator and Software Coordinator. Ten Minnesota graduate students have earned Ph.D.'s on CLEO.
Analysis of CLEO II and CLEO III data collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance is approaching completion. CLEO results on B-meson decays continue to be competitive with those of the spectacularly successful B-factories at SLAC and KEK, largely because the experience of the collaboration and the detailed understanding of the response of the CLEO detectors allow measurements of CKM parameters and other quantities with small and well-understood systematic uncertainties.

Storm Belt Probe project - The RBSP EFW collaboration includes physicists from Minnesota, U.C. Berkeley, University of Colorado, University of Alberta, the Air Force Research Laboratory and theorists from Dartmouth.

The HST Treasury Program on Eta Carinae - In December 2001, the first three Hubble Space Telescope "Treasury Programs" were approved. Two criteria for a Treasury Program are:
1. The data must be broadly valuable for astronomy and astrophysics in general, and;
2. Similar observations will become impossible a few years from now when the HST is no longer available.
Here we report on the Eta Carinae program, which satisfies the first criterion well and is a near-perfect example for the second. This is the most intensive spectroscopy ever attempted with the HST, and similar data will almost certainly be unattainable for at least 15 years after 2004 -- by which time Eta Car will have changed. Our program also includes an imaging component. Information about the participants (a multi-institutional team) can be found at http://etacar.umn.edu/treasury/team/

The Minnesota Population Center (MPC) is a University-wide interdisciplinary cooperative for demographic research. The MPC serves sixty faculty members and research associates from ten colleges and nineteen departments at the University of Minnesota, and employs nearly a hundred research support staff, including computer programmers and technicians, administrative staff, research assistants, and data-entry staff. As a leading developer and disseminator of demographic data, we also serve a broader audience of some 6,000 demographic researchers worldwide.

Current Projects include:

IPUMS-USA
The IPUMS consists of high-precision samples of the American population drawn from 15 censuses and the American Community Survey, spanning 1850 to 2005. The data and documentation are harmonized, making it easy to use multiple census years simultaneously.

IPUMS-International
IPUMS-International is an integrated series of census microdata samples from 1960 to the present. At this time, the series includes 63 samples drawn from 20 countries, with more scheduled for release in the future. MPC is collaborating with statistical agencies, data archives, and demographic experts from the participating countries to create this resource.

IPUMS-CPS
IPUMS-CPS provides integrated data and documentation from the Annual Demographic Supplement of the Current Population Survey (CPS) from 1962 to 2006. The harmonized CPS data is also compatible with the data from IPUMS-USA.

The North Atlantic Population Project (NAPP)
NAPP is a harmonized database of the complete censuses of Canada (1881), Great Britain (1881), Norway (1865, 1900), and the United States (1880). We will be adding six complete censuses of Iceland, the complete 1890 census of Sweden, and twenty samples from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century to the databases.

National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS)
NHGIS will provide U.S. aggregate census data and electronic boundary files for tracts and counties between 1790 and 2000.

Integrated Health Interview Series (IHIS)
The Integrated Health Interview Series (IHIS) will provide integrated data and documentation from the National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS) from 1963 to 2003. A preliminary dataset with 300 variables is now available.

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