1-What Does Fanon mean by "For not only must the black man be black; he must be black in relation to the white man."? Can you explain that? Please provide real life examples?
I believe Fanon meant by that statement is that the black man must be aware of his skin color and acknowledge the stereotypes and prejudice towards his race. No matter what his status or where he lies in the economic world, he will always be looked down upon from racial stereotypes. He is inferior to the white man. By being in a "white man's world", those preconceive notions are difficult to erase. "As long as the black man is among his own, he will have no occasion, except in minor internal conflicts, to experience his being through others" (pg. 338). I think it is quite evident that the quote speaks for itself. The black is best off encompassing himself with others like him, because he will not fit in with others different than of his skin color. Throughout history, blacks (or minorities in general) have these apparent negative stereotypes about towards them. Even for people who don't have necessarily anything against "minorities", they are familiar with these aversions. One may question how do these thoughts of prejudice commence about? Because people have been "taught" to think this way from a young age that it embeds with them as they grow. "Mama, see the Negro! I'm frightened." This idea is strongly exemplified in Kenneth and Maime Clark's experiment with children having to choose from a white or black doll. Majority of the children picked the white doll, and these children were both of Caucasian and African-American descent. When asked questions about their decision, some of them reiterated that the black doll is the "bad" doll. Another experiment that was done that symbolized this separation amongst people was the one in Jane Elliot's elementary grade class. This one wasn't as blatant by using race, but divided the children by their eye color. It was a 2 day experiment. The first day, the teacher told the students that the blue-eyed were the dominant group. She wouldn't let them drink from the same fountain, praised the superior group, and gave extra recess time to the dominant ones. She noticed how the kids started treating each other differently, how their personalities changed, how much more quiet the inferior group was, etc. Then, for the 2nd day she reversed the roles; and noticed the same thing. A real life example that I think exemplifies Fanon's quote/belief are the Jim Crow Laws that were enacted from 1876-1965. These were state and local laws in the US that practiced racial segregation in public facilities. These laws were prominently in the southern states, that were once of the Confederacy. This was connoted as "separate but equal" statuses for African Americans. Not only did the blacks already know their difference in skin color, but because of it; they must only be in certain vicinities amongst their own. Some of these segregated facilities included: schools, public transportation, restrooms, restaurants, drinking fountains, and much more. Historically, even the name Jim Crow, was a pejorative expressing meaning "negro". How could this separation have been of "equal status"?