Chapter eleven introduces the ideas of emotion and motivations. It describes how individuals communicated these emotions to one another (verbally, or non-verbally), and what intrinsic or outside motivations lead to these emotions such as happiness, anger, and fright. I found it particularly interesting when the book discussed the different sexual orientations and its ability to be altered. The fact that at one point society actually had therapies for people to attempt to switch orientations is surprising to me; I don't believe it is something to be chosen, but rather written in our genetic code. It being classified as a mental disorder at one point in time is rather embarrassing as a citizen of this country, in-fact. However, I am glad that the misconceptions - for the most part - have been resolved, and the APA has claimed homosexuality a normal variation of human sexuality.