View Zhirong Zhao's profile on LinkedIn


My pages


Powered by

Header image of Hong Kong financial center courtesy of hleung on flickr.

Earmarks, Pork Barrel and Federal Budgets

In budgeting class we talk about two kinds of “earmarks”: (1) special revenues that are earmarked for specific purposes, for example, federal gas tax earmarked for transportation improvements; (2) items of appropriations that are targeted toward special projects. The topic here is about the second “earmark” which is heavily criticized in federal budgets.

According to the OMB Watch, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization overseeing the OMB: “Earmarks, often referred to as ‘pork,’ have been an integral part of the appropriations process for decades. Individual legislators seeking re-election will often develop and promote lists of special projects or district-specific funding they were able to secure to convince voters of their ability, influence, and value.”

Earmarks have accounted for scandals such as the bridges to nowhere in Alaska, and the appropriation of $500,000 to the Teapot Museum in Sparta, North Carolina. As such funds are allocated in respond to lobbying of special interest groups rather than demands of public priorities, earmarks are often equal to a waste of money. For a more complete “pork” list, see the “Pig Book” compiled by Citizens Against Government Waste.

Blow are a series of NPR audio chips on the earmark issue:

        ❑        Obama Vows No Earmarks In Stimulus Package” 1/6/09
        ❑        Eliminating Federal Earmarks No Easy Task” 9/10/08
        ❑        Congress Cracking Down on Earmarks” 3/12/08
        ❑        Senate Earmarks Especially Contentious This Year” 7/23/07
❑        Slate's Explainer: Federal Budget 'Earmarks' ” 4/7/06
❑        Oklahoma Senator Tugs at Beloved 'Earmarks' “ 5/4/06
❑        Have Earmarks Really Earned Their Bad Rep? ” 1/27/06


Regardless of how I'd want to examine it, I'm still not planning to play the high-school girl Facebook "like" game.

Those books appear interesting! Ill should check them out. I really need her pink hair as well... love it!

Hey, O Dear, if you can be a PNG MK, you should join us on the PNG Facebook page. Research for it on Facebook using "PNG MK" it's a closed page so you will really have to request to join (only PNG MKs can join). Hope to see you there!

properly thank god for jeff helms. wonderful spot on that car. i want the person acquired a heavier sentence. feels like jeff is a excellent guy to understand.

God has always been hard on the poor.

I have been following posts. I perpetually find you articles revealing.

I saw a lot of website but I believe this one has got something special in it.

I am delighted that I discovered this blog , just the right info that I was searching for! .

In my humble opinion it is the Best entry placed so far on this website. You simply want to read and read.

I have been thinking for ages which xbox game to go out and buy believe me it really stopped me right in my tracks that was until I found your blog so much great information about all the different games and news on the market

Oh man, that Opel Kadett is appropriate up my alley (I wish). That car would look like swiss cheese if it had been from listed here in MN. Pretty neat minimal car. At 6-5 tall I do think I could squeeze in the driver's set.. probably..

There is definately a great deal to know about this subject. I really like all the points you made.

43 many years back he experienced 50% chance of surviving, yesterday he died.

Gerd, sometimes called gastro-esophageal reflux disease, or GERD, comes about consequence of the coexistence of 2 problems. The first acid reflux disease contributing condition is a retrograde flow of stomach contents into the esophagus. In spite of this, the reflux itself does not really contribute to gastro-esophageal reflux disease warning signs or histologic changes, and can appear among in shape people young and old as well. In this situation, the process is referred to as "physiologic gastroesophageal reflux".

Thanks for the help in this question, the easier, the better …

That's an first-rate abstract, I bare your blog page looking on behalf of a associated area under discussion material and got here at this point. I couldn't find a lot further in a row, so it was sunny to attain this website.

I saw parts of that interview. What id you want him to undertake, start out waving his arms and shrieking? This is significant stuff. He did fine.

Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs