View Zhirong Zhao's profile on LinkedIn


My pages


Powered by

Header image of Hong Kong financial center courtesy of hleung on flickr.

Congestion Pricing: I-394 to Central London

This is a guest post, originally posted by Mick at the Course Weblog of PA5113: 

---- ----

This video provides an overview of the MnPASS system, an innovative congestion pricing system in place along I-394. MnPASS provides drivers with the choice to pay a toll in order to access the HOV (high occupancy vehicle) lanes that run along I-394 – those lanes commonly thought of as the ‘carpool lanes.’ The system is unique in that the toll is dynamic, and changes with regards to traffic levels in order to ensure the HOV lanes maintain an average speed of at least 50 mph.

In 2007, Humphrey Senior Fellow Lee Munnich participated in a forum on congestion pricing; video from a Q&A session after Munnich’s presentation on MnPASS suggests MnPASS may be among the cutting edge of congestion pricing systems worldwide.

Many of the questions contrasted the MnPASS system with other congestion pricing systems around the world. While MnPASS is currently limited to one highway that connects downtown to the western suburbs, many larger cities like London, Singapore, Stockholm and Rome have implemented congestion taxes on vehicles that enter the city core during peak hours. Munnich made several comments about London in particular, noting that the intention of the London fee is to force residents to reconsider their reliance on cars. This may be feasible in London, as it is home to a robust public transit system. Munnich noted that up to 80% of commuters destinations within London are available via public transit. Has the London fee begun to accomplish its goals?

The Central London Congestion Charge is an £8 toll on most vehicles entering downtown London at peak times, and is enforced by photographing license plates of cars using existing CCTV cameras. The fee-zone increased to include a larger portion of West London in 2007. Reaction to the fee, and the results of the fee indicate some success, with several issues.

A report by Transport for London, the agency that enforces the fee, indicates that up to 30% fewer cars are entering the fee-zone during enforcement times, and that bike, pedestrian, and transit appears to be replacing car traffic. Congestion initially decreased, though new road projects in London, with some aimed at making London more pedestrian friendly, appear to have increased congestion back to pre-2003 levels. Additionally, voters decided to abolish the expansion of the fee-zone to West London.

These mixed results have forced the Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, to reconsider the fee. One alternative he is considering is using dynamic pricing rather than fixed pricing, so like MnPASS, the fee will change depending on the time of day and traffic levels. Boris has cited Stockholm, Sweden as a model, where dynamic pricing has been in effect since 2006 and congestion has been reduced by about 25%.

The relative successes of MnPASS and Stockholm, and the re-evaluation of static pricing in London suggest that dynamic congestion pricing could be a viable tax in the future, both reducing congestion and providing an additional revenue stream for state and national governments.


The reason for the congestion charge (apart from the obvious revenue raising) is that it makes driving too expensive & forces people off the road & onto public transport.

The problem in London with this process is that the fares for public transport in the UK are also exorbitant. The systems also cannot cope with the sheer number of people that use them, usage was growing fast anyway before the congestion charge.

Now, if public transport was subsidised by the government & large sums were invested into infrastructure then the congestion charge would be a joy to behold :)

As it is London, and the rest of the UK, has suffered for 20 years of massive underfunding in it's public transportation system.

I hate who ever is considering that shutting down face book is sweet its NOT!

Enjoyed the articles you shared, forwarding to others.

I have several sites, but I think it's not that an easy task to get money from it, I generally combine it with other ad networks to get more income. THe thing is not all ad networks can be combine with adsense, or google will ban you. Btw, thanks to your publish.

Greetings! I've been following your site for some time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Huffman Texas! Just wanted to mention keep up the excellent job!

I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I'm looking to construct my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from. kudos

Hello! I'm at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts! Carry on the superb work!

I concur! completely with what you wrote. Good Read. Keep it up

Great ! I will do IT !

Very good report, since Google announced that it could impact rankings I think we will see more innovative ways of including Ads on a web page. I for a single can not stand obtrusive ads and usually you should not continue to be on a web page when they are annoyingly placed.If your ads are fairly unobtrusive and are closely targeted for the interests in the web site visitors, I do not see any problem with that. Some sites won't be able to continue offering quality information if it wasn't for Ads.

That's an incredible looking little infographic. Wouldn't definitely use those colors for that kind of information but cool layout! Thanks for identifying the makers!

Howdy. Very nice site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Amazing .. I will bookmark your website and take the feeds additionally...I am happy to locate so much useful information here within the article. Thank you for sharing...

Howdy. Very nice web site!! Man .. Excellent .. Wonderful .. I'll bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally...I am satisfied to find so much helpful info here in the article. Thank you for sharing..

I have been waiting for such a long time for this!!! What a great and substantial content. Thanks for the update and looking forward for more articles like this. =)

great.Actually Cool Templates

Web Master, get ahold me and I'll give you a free smokeless cigarettes starter kit from Vapor Ultra, all readers from your website get free shipping by using promo code: ship it

HCG Injections HCG Diet, HCG HCG Injections buy now HCG Injections HCG Diet, HCG Injections HCG HCG HCG Injections

This will probably be pretty practical for a few of your work opportunities I intend to do not only with my blog but

Due to you and your blog I had a chance to read something noteworthy.|Due to your blog I could put my mind at rest.|Even if I have little time, I have to visit your blog from time to time because it’s so good.|Excellent! Everyone should visit this blog.|Excellent! Thanks to this blog I broadened my knowledge. Thanks a lot!|Excellent, fabulous, marvelous, awesome… something more?!|Excellent. It is all that comes to my mind after having scanned this blog.|Fabulous! I feel as if I was the slave of this blog. It’s addictive!|Fabulous! It is the word that completely describes your blog.|Fabulous! You are aware how to make a reader come back. I know it from my own experience;)|Fabulous. This blog is definitely one of the best blogs I have ever read.|Fantastic! I found plenty of interesting opinions and information here. Well done!|Fantastic! It is the only word that comes to my mind when I read your blog.|Fantastic! You must have heard that plenty of times since it is so true.

I would comparable to thnkx for the efforts you have put in prose this blog. I'm hoping the consistent high-grade website send beginning you in the imminent as fine. All the rage information your creative prose skills has confident me to get my own trap place now. In fact the blogging is spreading its wings quickly. Your compose positive is a fantastic example of it.

Good day, Your feed (RSS) is fail. Please check ^^. Love your website

My brother recommended I might like this blog. He was totally right. This post actually made my day. You cann't imagine just how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

By using this procedure, you prevent OX X from registering your app within the "Recent Application" special folder. It is possibly a fantastic factor for Dropzone, but may perhaps not be for other apps like Chrome, for example.

What is this "Old Mountaineer Field" you communicate of? Did it have pass outs? Could you check out Bent Willeys at halftime and return mid-third quarter?

This seems like this need to be described as a fantastic event. Regarding the location of the event and also to avoid confusion, like a very long time resident of this area, there isn't a "Santiago Creek Park". Santiago Creek runs as a result of Hart Park (some relation to "Pappy"?) that's while in the Town of Orange, to the border of Santa Ana. Could we get this location confirmed?

64-64 El Camino, VW Rabbit, pre 74 Ford Maverick, 76ish Aspen or Volare, about 66 Chevy pick-up, 66 Ford cut off in lower suitable corner. 77-78 Dodge Diplomat driving out of still left body.

Howdy! Would you mind if I share your blog with my twitter group? There's a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content. Please let me know. Thanks

September 19 can be a terrific day for great mom birthdays as it truly is my mom's birthday also. Content Birthday Mrs. Morris. You lifted a happy camper son who has your smile.

Right now it sounds like Movable Type is the best blogging platform available right now. (from what I've read) Is that what you're using on your blog?

Thank you, I have recently been searching for info about this subject for ages and yours is the best I’ve found so far.

Nice established of toys! Simply a slight correction, the color of the 427/435 convertible is "Goodwood" green, not "Greenwood" green. In 1967 Chevy tried to title all it's Corvette colors just after famous racetracks, thus Goodwood green right after the British track of your same title. I personal an Elkhart Blue '67 coupe named following Elklhart Lake ( Note: Riverside Red was already taken in '63, so they applied "Rally" Red)

Superior-Coupons is a discount coupons and Exclusive Deals of the Day site which is based in Seattle, USA. It's packed with 1000's of coupons, offers and deals from popular and famous North American merchants and vendors, ensuring consumers and shoppers quality products with value for money.

Your web site won't display appropriately on my i phone - you might want to try and fix that

David, you will not acquire copies in the previous letters. Since the letters go forward that selection could be while in the hundreds. However, if you can find a particular letter send us an email and maybe we could figure a little something out.

If only they might have experienced the substantial 5 regulations of the game at aged mountaineer subject. There is no way any of our enthusiasts will toss stuff (nearly anything) onto the sector this yr.

Limiting the meals assist reducing the amount of uric acid existing from the physique. Through the years, the treatment options for gout have seldom altered, which happens to be basically rather superior since organic gout treatments have a tendency to do the job improved and also have less uncomfortable side effects. Food plays a task in bringing on gout assaults in another way.

Great posting going on on this website, it kept me busy all morning. But by the way on the other hand this can be a good web page. Congratulations

Oh and I am not a Liverpool or Chelsea supporter, although the way the Liverpool fans were still singing You'll Hardly ever Walk alone when their team was losing and the game was almost finished was lovely. Big respect.

Very good information can be found on site.

I'd always want to be update on new posts on this web site, saved to favorites!

First time visit here and have your excellent short article. May I have a copy of this report?

MJ is inside the spend of whomever pays him to say whatever they want him to convey. Will not expect virtue from a prostitute.

The fragrance always remains in the hand that gives the rose.

Excellent work once again! I am looking forward for more updates;)

I will start writing my own blog, definitely!

I'm still learning from you, but I'm improving myself. I definitely enjoy reading all that is written on your website.Keep the information coming. I liked it!

Creating cool blog is not harder than creating excellent information. But you know that you done both pretty well. Thank man.

Thanks, I've recently been searching for details about this subject for ages and yours is the best I have located so far.

I love what I read.

I’m grateful that such blogs exist.

I am not real good with English but I get hold this very leisurely to understand.

Preserve up the good get the job done. This web site is gonna be awesome! Also, I publish for and so if y'all ever want a review of everything executed I would be content to enable y'all out.

the outdated reliable ford fteenthousand

I've been seeking about for an article like this. Took some time but finally found it… Really great read thanks. It’s been difficult to discover the data I required. I use this web site for a great deal.

Fantastic. How do you do this that this blog is so good?

thanks to the author for taking his time on this one.

Fantastic stuff! I nonetheless have several of my original PETERSEN Motorama course magazines.

Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs